■■:-■:.::;;■:■. ,:■■■■:■. ::m i THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA THE COLLECTION OF NORTH CAROLINIANA C906 C29tl UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 00041084879 FOR USE ONLY IN THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2012 with funding from University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill http://archive.org/details/reportofcarolinaOOcaro Report of The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Honorable Francis E. Winslow Chairman December 31, 1963 Published by the State Department of Archives and History Raleigh, North Carolina 1964 Report of The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Honorable Francis E. Winslow Chairman December 31, 1963 Published by the State Department of Archives and History Raleigh, North Carolina 1964 THE CAROLINA CHARTER TERCENTENARY COMMISSION as of December 31, 1963 Hon. Francis E. Winslow, Chairman Henry Belk Mrs. Doris Betts Dr. Chalmers G. Davidson Mrs. Everett L. Durham William C. Fields William Carrington Gretter, Jr. Grayson Harding Mrs. James M. Harper, Jr. Mrs. Ernest L. Ives Dr. Henry W. Jordan Mrs. Kauno A. Lehto James G. W. MacLamroc Mrs. Harry McMullan Dr. Paul Murray Dan M. Paul Dr. Robert H. Spiro, Jr. David Stick J. P. Strother Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr. Rt. Rev. Thomas H. Wright Dr. Charles F. Carroll, Superintendent of Public Instruction Ex-Officio Robert L. Stallings, Director, Department of Conservation and Development Dr. Christopher Crittenden Director, Department of Archives and History, Secretary Executive Secretary Brig. Gen. John D. F. Phillips, U. S. Army (Ret.) Members Appointed for the Term September II, 1959- August 31, 1961 Winston Broadfoot Dr. H. H. Cunningham Lambert Davis 1 Mrs. Inglis Fletcher Paul Green Mrs. William D. Holmes, Jr. Mrs. Robert Grady Johnson Ben Dixon MacNeill 2 D. Victor Meekins 3 George M. Stephens Gilbert T. Stephenson 4 Hon. J. Emmett Winslow 1 Reappointed for the term beginning September 1, 1961 ; resigned August 15, 1962. 2 Deceased May 27, 1960. 3 Appointed July 30, 1960 to fill vacancy caused by Mr. MacNeill's death. 4 Resigned January 24, 1961. CAROLINA CHARTER TERCENTENARY COMMISSION BOX 1881 RALEIGH, NORTH CAROLINA December 31, 1963 Honorable Terry Sanford Governor of North Carolina State Capitol Raleigh, North Carolina Your Excellency: I have the honor of transmitting herewith the final re- port of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission. Some of the highlights of the year-long observance are sum- marized in the following paragraphs. The Commission's achievements in the field of scholar- ship include publication of the initial volume of a com- pletely new edition of the Colonial Records of North Caro- lina, and assembly of a very large quantity of original source materials hitherto unpublished. Our Commission notes with satisfaction its contribution to the education of our young people through the publica- tion and distribution to schools and libraries throughout the State of a series of historical pamphlets dealing with the little-known period 1663-1763. Other contributions in this area were the Essay Contest for junior and senior high school students, the Mobile Museum of History, and the historical motion picture "The Road to Carolina." In the field of the Arts, mention may be made of the Ter- centenary Art Exhibit in Raleigh, held in March and April, the symphonic composition "North State" by Hunter John- son, and the Commission's Literary Competition. The Commission has succeeded in making the nation aware of North Carolina's Tercentenary through two other projects: The Carolina Charter Commemorative Stamp, issued by the Post Office Department in April; and the tele- vision musical drama "The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair," by Carlisle Floyd. North Carolina's citizens were made more knowledgeable of the State's heritage and its role in the early development of the nation through a state-wide program of local com- memorative observances. These activities, in which countless thousands of persons participated, took many forms, as a glance at this section of the enclosed report will disclose. The programs must be regarded as a form of public educa- tion in the history of the State. The cost to the State of the Tercentenary program was $257,216 out of total appropriations of $261,996. In addi- tion, more than $85,000 of private funds was contributed or pledged as a result of the efforts of the Commission and its related agency, the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebra- tion Commission which was established by the federal gov- ernment. For the first year and a half of its life the Commis- sion's staff comprised two persons; thereafter it never ex- ceeded ten, half of whom were concerned exclusively with the Colonial Records project. The Commisison is privileged to have had a part in the conduct of this unique celebration which it feels has fur- thered civic pride and thus contributed to responsible citi- zenship in our State. We would, however, be remiss in our duties if we failed to urge in the strongest terms greater support by the State government for the Colonial Records project. The Commission believes that no undertaking of the Tercentenary program is more deserving of such sup- port. North Carolina owes it to herself to assemble the source materials which will make possible the preparation of more complete and accurate history books to replace those now in use. The latter have, for the most part, been written by scholars with inadequate reference materials and, in conse- quence, have accorded scant recognition to North Carolina's part in the formation of the American nation. Faithfully, F. E. Winslow Chairman Enclosure: Report of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission CONTENTS Page The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission ii Chairman's Letter of Transmittal iii CHAPTER I. Introduction 1 II. Formulating the Tercentenary Program 5 III. Scholarly Activities 8 IV. Programs in Schools, Colleges and Universities 13 V. Arts 22 VI. Religious Activities 28 VII. Local Commemorative Observances 31 VIII. Financing the Tercentenary Programs 63 IX . M iscellaneous 69 X. Acknowledgments - 78 APPENDIXES I. Committees of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission 80 II. North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission 94 III. Receipts and Expenditures of Carolina Charter Corporation Funds 95 . ■ V.v.'*. mm :■< '-'•! iv CHAPTER I Introduction The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission was es- tablished by the 1959 General Assembly of North Carolina in order to "make plans and develop a program for celebra- tion of the tercentenary of the granting of the Carolina Charter of 1663, and at the appropriate time or times [to] conduct such celebration or celebrations." x This act fixed the size of the Commission at 22 members to be appointed by the Governor for a term of two years, in addition to three ex officio members: the Superintendent of Public Instruc- tion, the Director of the State Department of Archives and History, and the Director of the Department of Conserva- tion and Development. The appointive members were issued commissions dated September 1, 1959. The Honorable Francis E. Winslow of Rocky Mount was appointed Chair- man. Provision was made in the 1959 legislation for defray- ing the start-up expenses of the Commission from the Con- tingency and Emergency Fund. Following an organizational meeting of the Commission on October 15, 1959, there was appointed an Executive Committee consisting of Mr. Winslow as Chairman; Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director of the State Department of Archives and History, as Secretary; and the following additional members: Mr. Henry Belk, Goldsboro; Dean H. H. Cunningham, Elon Colleoe 2 ; Mr. Lambert Davis, Chapel Hill 3 ; Mrs. Robert Grady Johnson, Burgaw 2 ; and Mr. David Stick, Kitty Hawk. Mr. James G. W. MacLamroc, Greensboro, was appointed to the Executive Committee July 14, 1961; Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr., Fayetteville, and Mr. Dan M. Paul, Raleigh, November 21, 1961; and Dr. H. W. Jordan, Cedar Falls, April 13, 1962. The executive group first convened December 11, 1959, at which time it was decided to secure the services of a di- 1 Session Laws of 1959, Chapter 1238. 2 Term expired August 31, 1961. 3 Resigned August 15, 1962. 2 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission rector to be designated executive secretary, and a small staff. On May 16, 1960, Brigadier General John D. F. Phillips, U.S.A. (Ret.) was appointed Executive Secretary. Miss Julia Ribet was employed as clerk May 20, 1960. Arrangements were made to establish an office in Raleigh at 121 Halifax Street. The Commission held a plenary meeting May 20, 1960, at which two significant actions were taken. First, it was decided to adopt as a major objective of the Carolina Charter Ter- centenary the provision by the State of an appropriate build- ing to serve as the repository for North Carolina's archives and other historical items, and as headquarters for the State's historical program and activities. Second, the Commission approved in principle the recommendations of its Executive Secretary regarding the scope and content of a program for the observance of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary. While the Commission was only one of a large number of public and private organizations and agencies interested in securing the construction of the facilities badly needed by the State Department of Archives and History, it was able to bring the requirement to the attention of an important segment of the public during a propitious period. It is gratifying to record, therefore, that construction of the de- sired building was authorized and financed by the 1963 General Assembly, and that a symbolic ground-breaking ceremony was conducted in Raleigh on October 3, 1963, at which members of the Commission were present. As regards the second major action taken at the meeting of the Commission, May 20, 1960, approval of the outline of a program in observance of the Charter Tercentenary, mention should be made of certain important premises adopted by the Commission. The first of these was a deci- sion to include in the scope of the celebration the first cen- tury of the Colony's official existence, that is the period 1663-1763. Since the Carolina Charter of 1663 was issued to the eight Lords Proprietors by King Charles II at Westmin- ster in England, and since permanent settlement of "Albe- marle County" had already gradually begun prior to that year, no suitable geographic focal point for the Tercentenary Introduction 3 was available in North Carolina. Extending the period of the celebration to 1763 permitted a broader selection of events for commemoration on a State-wide basis, settlement having reached the Blue Ridge Mountains by the latter date. Furthermore, the end of the first century of the Col- ony's life coincides with the termination of the French and Indian War, which many historians regard as the end of the Colonial period and the beginning of the national phase of American history. Finally, the adoption of the period 1663- 1763 as the scope of the present observance paved the way for the celebration of the bicentennial of the American Revolution a few years hence. Another determination made by the Commission at the May, 1960, meeting was that a number of committees should be formed to develop plans in various fields of activity. It was also decided to include in these groups qualified per- sons not members of the Commission and to designate these individuals as associate members. Subsequently, some 150 associate members were recruited to augment the efforts of the regular members of the Commission and were organized into six functional committees. These groups were assigned responsibility for formulating plans for programs in the Arts; Commemorative Events; Schools, Colleges and Univer- sities; Religious Activities; and Scholarly Activities. The accomplishments of these committees and of the Commis- sion's fund-raising group are outlined in subsequent pages. The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission GOVERNOR AND MRS. TERRY SANFORD LEAD THE PROCESSION OF COSTUMED OFFICIALS AT CEREMONIES HELD JANUARY 4 AT THE EXECUTIVE MANSION TO inaugurate the year-long observance. (Photo by Madlin Futrell) CHAPTER II Formulating the Tercentenary Program In setting about the development of an over-all plan for ob- servance of the Tercentenary, the Commission took careful note of the experience of other States in similar programs. The official reports of the tercentenary celebrations of Mary- land, 1934; and Connecticut, 1936; and the Virginia three hundred and fiftieth anniversary, 1957, were scrutinized. As was noted in the preceding chapter, no suitable focus in terms of time or geography offered itself for a year-long ob- servance of North Carolina's Tercentenary. In this respect the State was less fortunate than Virginia with its James- town, Massachusetts with its Plymouth Rock, or Maryland with its Saint Mary's Island. Moreover, the slow settlement of the Albemarle, beginning as it did years prior to 1663, contrasted with the precisely dated initial landings in the colonies mentioned. For these reasons, as has been stated, the Commission decided to adopt the period 1663-1763 as the chronological basis for its planning. This decision not only made it possible to include vir- tually all sections of the State in the observance but also enabled the Commission to concentrate public attention up- on a little-known and less understood period of North Caro- lina's Colonial history. Although the public is relatively well informed about the unsuccessful attempts by Sir Walter Raleigh to establish a colony on Roanoke Island in the six- teenth century, less is known about the events subsequent to the permanent settlements effected under the Charter of 1663. The lack of understanding- of the significance of Cul- peper's Rebellion in the Albemarle, 1677-1679, is a case in point. As for events subsequent to 1763, Tarheels are usually aware of North Carolina's role in the struggle for American independence, including such developments as the Regulator movement, the Provincial Congresses and the Halifax Re- solves. The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Formulating the Tercentenary Program 7 These considerations inclined the Commission toward the development of a Tercentenary program which was basically educational in its character. It seemed to the Commission that instruction of the public— and particularly the young people— in the heritage of their State was the single most important and far-reaching objective that could be adopted for the program. This outlook was reflected in every project undertaken by the Commission as will be evident in the accounts of the several activities committees in succeeding chapters of this report. The emphasis accorded the educa- tional features of the Tercentenary program is reflected in the fact that more than 70 percent of the State funds avail- able for the execution of the program was expended for projects directly concerned with education. CHAPTER III Scholarly Activities Following the meeting of the Commission on May 20, 1960, a committee was organized to consider projects of a scholarly nature which would be appropriate for under- taking in conjunction with the Tercentenary. Known as the Committee on Scholarly Activities, the group was re- quested to submit recommendations to the Executive Com- mittee concerning such projects. The group's attentions were to be devoted, but not necessarily limited, to identification of scholarly materials for exhibition, publication, and mic- rofilming; development of programs of study and publica- tion by graduate students of North Carolina universities and other scholars; and selection of national and regional learned societies for invitation to conduct conferences and conven- tions in North Carolina in 1963. Mr. Lambert Davis and Mr. William S. Powell, both of Chapel Hill, were designated as co-chairmen of the Commit- tee on Scholarly Activities. Mr. Davis was succeeded by Mr. David Stick of Kitty Hawk in August, 1962, upon the former's resignation from the Commission. A series of meetings of the committee took place in 1960 and 1961 from which stemmed two proposals that were im- plemented by the Commission. One of these recommenda- tions provided for invitations to be extended to certain learned societies of regional and national character to con- duct their annual meetings in North Carolina during 1963. Appropriate action was undertaken to this end with the result that three prominent organizations convened in the State in 1963 as a tribute to the Tercentenary. These were the American Association for State and Local History, which met in Raleigh, October 2, 3, and 4; the Society of Ameri- can Archivists which also assembled in Raleigh, October 3, 4, and 5; and the Southern Historical Association which con- ducted its 1963 meeting in Asheville, November 7, 8, and 9. The programs of these organizations included numerous references to the Tercentenary and provided for participa- Scholarly Activities 9 tion by members of the Commission during meetings of the societies. Thus, the dinner meeting of the Southern His- torical Association on November 8, was presided over by Chairman Winslow of the Commission. A program of folk music was presented during the dinner by Miss Julia Ribet of the Commission staff, and the featured speaker of the evening was Dr. Frank P. Graham, Chairman of the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission (federal commission) who discussed the contribution of the Carolina Charter of 1663 to the development of the American nation. Note should be taken also of the receipt of an Award of Merit for 1963 from the American Association for State and Local History, citing the Commission "For its lasting con- tributions to the field of Colonial North Carolina History." One of the Commission's lasting contributions to the history of the Colonial period grew out of the major recom- mendation of the Committee on Scholarly Activities. That group proposed in January, 1961, Initiation of a completely new edition of North Carolina Colonial Records with a view to publication of the first volumes during 1963. A modest budget for an editor and secretary assistant who should be procured without delay is recommended. In addition, it is estimated that $12,000 for FY 1962 and $18,000 for FY 1963 is required to get the project started. In subsequent fiscal years the project should be transferred to the Department of Archives and History. It is estimated that ten years and an over-all expenditure of perhaps S500,000 are required to complete this monumental and long overdue project. The committee's recommendation recognized the longr- standing need for a new and more scholarly edition of The Colonial Records of North Carolina. The existing version of the work, edited by William L. Saunders during the late nineteenth century, while he was serving as Secretary of State of North Carolina, is deficient in many respects. Futher- more, the work is out of print and even secondhand copies are scarce. This recommendation of the Committee on Scholarly Activities was adopted by the Commission on March 10, 1961, and steps were taken to secure the necessary appropria- 10 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission tion from the General Assembly which was then in session. On September 1, Mrs. Mattie Erma Edwards Parker of Raleigh was engaged as Executive Editor of the project and recruitment of a staff of four assistants was begun. An Ad- visory Editorial Board which had been authorized for the work by the Executive Committee of the Commission held its first meeting September 28. It was determined that the first volume of the new series should be prepared for publication during the Tercentenary. The volume would contain the charters which authorized Englishmen to settle territory now included in North Caro- lina and the constitutions in which the Lords Proprietors of Carolina set forth plans for governing their province. The volume was actually published in January, 1963, and, with the selectively modernized spelling, capitalization and punc- tuation of its text, is suitable for use by the general reader as well as the scholar. It is anticipated that future volumes will be prepared with a view to satisfying primarily the re- quirements of scholars. With the publication on schedule of the initial volume of the project, the development of plans for the preparation of subsequent volumes was intensified. Inquiries were made of agencies of other states which had published or were publishing similar collections in order to secure the benefit of their experience. In view of the prospective termination of the life of the Commission upon conclusion of the Ter- centenary, arrangements were made to transfer the project to the State Department of Archives and History effective January 1, 1964, in order to ensure continuation of the work. A number of other basic policies regarding the Colonial Records Project were adopted by the Commission. It was determined that the first aim of the Project is to locate, wherever they may be, all known documents dealing with Colonial North Carolina and to prepare a detailed inventory listing each document, its location and condition. When possible, efforts are to be made to have the document trans- ferred to a permanent depository in the North Carolina Archives; however, where this is not possible, photocopies Scholarly Activities 11 are to be made for such permanent storage. The more im- portant documents are to be edited and republished as part of the new Colonial Records series. No time was lost in setting about the inventory of possible repositories of pertinent documents. Searches were conducted in the North Carolina Archives and the libraries of the University of North Carolina and Duke University before venturing out of the state. By the end of the Tercentenary year inventories were completed in the following collections: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia Association of the Bar Library, New York Boston Public Library William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan Columbia University Library Connecticut Historical Society Connecticut State Library Daughters of the American Revo- lution Library, Washington Folger Shakespeare Library Historical Society of Pennsylvania Houghton Library, Harvard University Library of Congress Massachusetts State Archives Museum of the City of New York National Archives New York Genealogical and Biographical Society New-York Historical Society New York Public Library Ohio Historical Society Pierpont Morgan Library, New York Pvhode Island Historical Society Pvhode Island State Archives Seaman's Church Institute, New York South Carolina Department of Archives At the end of the Tercentenary work was still in progress in Boston, Philadelphia, and Annapolis. Yet to be examined are the collections of early records in the hands of the Regis- ters of Deeds of the older North Carolina counties, notably Chowan, Hertford, and Perquimans. A conservative estimate of the number of documents which will be brought to light by the inventory in the United States alone is 500,000. Few, if any, of these documents have been used by historians in the past. Apart from the enormity of the task of publishing a new series of the Colonial Records of North Carolina, the chief problem confronting Mrs. Parker and her staff is the avail- ability of funds for the project. The following table sets forth the financial status of the work as of the conclusion of the Tercentenary. 12 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission TTF1V/r FUNDS REQUIRED FUNDS AVAILABLE 1 x tM Jan 1/64 Jul 1/64 Jan 1/64 Jul 1/64 Balance Jun 30/64 Jun 30/65 Total Jun 30/64 Jun 30/65 Total Required Salaries, staff $17,112 $55,764 $72,876 $ 5.064 $10,128 $15,192 $57,684 Other Adminis- trative costs 2,500 5,000 7,500 1,500 2,600 4,100 3,400 Operating costs: Research 5,000 10,000 15,000 5,000 10,000 15,000 - Publication - 10,000 10,000 - 5,400 5,400 4,600 Totals $24,612 $80,764 $105,376 $11,564 $28,128 $39,692 $65,684 The total amount, $105,376, required for the project for the period January 1, 1964— June 30, 1965, is considered minimal. Funds on hand or in sight total $39,692, or about 38 per cent of requirements. Of the amount available for the project, $24,692, or only 21 percent of requirements was provided by the General Assembly. The Commission believes that no undertaking of the Tercentenary program is more deserving of continued public support until completion. North Carolina owes it to itself to assemble the source ma- terials which will make possible the preparation of more complete and more accurate history books to replace those now in use. The latter have, for the most part, been written by scholars with inadequate reference materials and, in con- sequence, have accorded scant recognition to North Caro- lina's role in the formation of the American nation. CHAPTER IV Programs in Schools, Colleges and Universities The fundamentally educational nature of the Commis- sion's concept of the Tercentenary observance was nowhere more clearly evidenced than in its programs in the State's schools, colleges and universities. A committee was in- structed to formulate plans for bringing home to students of these institutions the significance of the occasion. The group, under the co-chairmanship of Dr. Chalmers G. David- son of Davidson, and Dr. Paul Murray of Greenville, con- sidered matters such as exhibits, both* static and mobile; pageants, music, and dramatic programs; and publications and a motion picture film. Subcommittees were formed to deal with various projects which were suggested by the committee as a whole and which were given the approval of the entire Commission. The ac- tivities described in the following paragraphs resulted from the work of the several sub-groups. Historical Pamphlet Series During the spring of 1961 a panel of educators and in- terested laymen developed a list of topics relating to the history of North Carolina during the general period 1663- 1763. The group recommended that the Commission under- take the publication of a series of pamphlets on these sub- jects, each to be written by an authority in the topic con- cerned. The result was the publication during 1962 and 1963 of the pamphlets listed below, prepared by the authors in- dicated. The monographs are listed in the order in which they were published. 14 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Title Author Upheaval in Albemarle— The Story of Culpeper's Rebellion Hugh F. Rankin The Proprietors of Carolina William S. Powell The Five Royal Governors of North Carolina Blackwell P. Robinson Indian Wars in North Carolina E. Lawrence Lee The Highland Scots of North Carolina Duane Meyer The Influence of Georgraphy upon Early North Carolina Cordelia Camp Colonial Homes in North Carolina John V. Allcott Numerous other topics could have been added with bene- fit to the students of North Carolina's schools had funds been available for a longer list. In the circumstances, how- ever, the subcommittee concerned with the project assigned the foregoing pamphlets priority. Some 15,000 copies of each title were printed of which nearly 12,000 were dis- tributed to eighth-grade teachers, teachers of United States history, school libraries serving these grades, college and university libraries, and municipal and county public libra- ries. The balance remaining after this distribution was made available for sale to the general public. Only the most fav- orable comments regarding the publications have been re- ceived by the Commission. Particularly gratifying was the complimentary response of teachers. The publications described above were supplemented by a number of less elaborate brochures and leaflets which dealt with Colonial subjects felt to be of interest to primary and secondary school students. The most significant of these items was a brochure containing in readable form the text of the Carolina Charter of 1663. Although the original of this document has been on display in the Hall of History in Raleigh since 1951, no convenient reprint of its text in readable form had been available until the issuance of the Commission's brochure. Nearly 50,000 copies of this publica- tion were distributed to the public, most of them going to students. Essay Contest The Commission's publications stimulated great interest on the part of junior and senior high school students in the Programs in Schools, Colleges, and Universities 15 ' Jm tw GOVERNOR TERRY SANFORD PRESENTS AWARDS TO THE FIRST-PRIZE WINNERS OF THE COMMISSION'S ESSAY CONTEST Above, Anne Cooke, Route 2, Cleveland, winner of Senior Division; below, John Clayton Perry, Greensboro, Junior Division winner. 16 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Essay Contest which was conducted during the spring of 1963. Governed by rules prepared by another subcommittee of the Committee on Programs in Schools, Colleges and Uni- versities, the contest was held for two divisions of students: those studying North Carolina history in junior high schools and those studying United States history in senior high schools. The topic designated for the contestants of both categories of students was "The Carolina Charter of 1663; A Milestone in the Advance of Democracy." Under the supervision of local school authorities eliminations were made at the school and at the district levels. One winner in each division was authorized to be referred by each dis- trict or administrative unit to the Commission in Raleigh for determination of prize winners. One hundred and five papers were forwarded to the Commission for final judging. Separate panels of judges were organized by the Commis- sion to consider the submissions from the districts. A high degree of excellence was evidenced by these papers, particu- larly by those of the junior students. Awards as indicated were made to the students listed below by Governor Terry Sanford at a ceremony in the State Capitol on June 14, 1963. Senior Division 1st Prize Anne Cooke, Route 2, Cleveland Cash Award of $250 2nd Prize Jasper L. Cummings, Jr., Rocky Mount Cash Award of $100 3rd Prize Martha Elaine Houck, West Jefferson Cash Award of $ 50 Junior Division 1st Prize John Clayton Perry, Greensboro Cash Award of $250 2nd Prize Gloria Tucker, Winston-Salem Cash Award of $100 3rd Prize Myra Ellen Griggs, Morganton Cash Award of $ 50 Honorable Mention Margaret Connor, Catawba Jennifer Joselyn Ipock, Bridgeton Anne Lafferty, Hickory Arthur Tashiro, North Wilkesboro Mobile Museum One of the projects earnestly sought by the Commission as part of the Tercentenary program was the acquisition for the State Department of Archives and History of a Mobile Programs in Schools, Colleges, and Universities 17 u a s > <j s o5 9 H <h IM crt C3 o — o w o c c C V <u ?rO a o a, •— j >- u c Pi O pi -2 H t/5 ■3 5 fa wo u o a § -s ^s 5 .- o O s s 3 tM H s c a v a bo O M s o 111 s a u o rf3 u be v u g-fl ■s-s c o c .a c 3 In O u o -O a Oh u (3 ° O PH e3 U U 18 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Museum of History. Such a traveling display of exhibits and artifacts from the State's Hall of History had long been de- sired but funds for its procurement had not been available. The Commission, through its Committee on Finance and Building, which will be discussed in greater detail later in this report, appealed to a number of possible private in- dividual and corporate donors for contributions for the desired vehicle. Its efforts were crowned with success at length when on March 27, 1963, Mr. Charles B. Wade, Jr., Vice-President of the R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, presented a check for $35,000 to Governor Terry Sanford for the purchase and equipping of a mobile museum. At the presentation ceremony also was Mr. P. C. Loehr, Zone Manager for the Chevrolet Division of General Motors Cor- poration, who agreed to provide gratis an automotive trac- tor to tow the vehicle. The equipment was presented to the State Department of Archives and History in ceremonies presided over by Governor Sanford in Raleigh on June 11, 1963. The equip- ment has visited 25 communities in various parts of the state since its acquisition and has proved to be a most valuable addition to the resources of the Hall of History. It is esti- mated that 1.2 million school children will have an oppor- tunity to view the exhibits of the Mobile Museum of His- tory during the next decade. Tercentenary Motion Picture In October, 1961, discussions were begun with the De- partment of Radio, Television and Motion Pictures of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, looking to the production of a documentary-type film for exhibition in the State's schools beginning in 1963. Several conferences were held during the succeeding months among the Univer- sity representatives and members of the subcommittee of the Commission's Committee on Programs in Schools, Colleges, and Universities concerned with the project. Agreement was reached on the content of the film and initiation of produc- tion was tentatively set for June, 1962, with a view to re- leasing the film in March, 1963. Programs in Schools, Colleges, and Universities 19 A reorganization of the University's Department of Radio, Television and Motion Pictures in the spring of 1962, how- ever, altered the capability of that organization to continue work on the project. About the same time a new State agency, the North Carolina Film Board, was established in Raleigh under the direction of Mr. James Beveridge. The Film Board agreed in July, 1962, to undertake the Commis- sion's film project as its first production and work was re- sumed in the early autumn of that year. Technical difficulties inherent in producing a film for which relatively little of the subject matter was available for photographing were compounded by problems incident to the start-up of a new organization. Nevertheless, a rough cut of the film was finished and was previewed by the Commission's Executive Committee on July 18, 1963. Fur- ther delays ensued in completing the graphic materials, editing the film to the desired length of approximately 30 minutes, and adding musical background and narration. It was not until December 4, 1963, that a finished print of the film was available for acceptance. Fifteen copies of the Commission's film, which is entitled "The Road to Carolina," will be deposited with the State Department of Archives and History for distribution to viewing organizations. The Commission has requested that priority be given to requests from schools for the loan of copies. Campus Activities The Commission's efforts in publishing materials, con- ducting an essay contest, procuring a mobile museum, and producing a motion picture were paralleled by programs conceived and executed by individual schools and college- level institutions throughout the State. These activities, which were literally innumerable, included pageants, and musical and dramatic programs. They reflected the imagina- tion and initiative of the individuals, usually history teach- ers, who promoted them. There can be no question but that through these programs the student population of the State was made more aware of North Carolina's heritage during the Tercentenary. 20 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission J.'. *yf« «"\*1* t» Programs in Schools, Colleges, and Universities 21 While space will not permit a complete account of the activities of all of North Carolina's schools in observance of the Tercentenary, mention should be made of the contribu- tion of the student band of East Carolina College. This 115-member organization performed in the District of Columbia Stadium in Washington during the half-time in- termission of a professional football game on October 13, 1963. The band's maneuvers depicted in symbolic form events associated with the Tercentenary and were viewed by a nation-wide television audience numbering many mil- lions. CHAPTER V Arts A Committee on the Arts, with Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr., of Fayetteville as Chairman, was organized to plan a program in the field of the fine arts, music and literature. Subcom- mittees were formed to consider projects in each of these areas. Recommendations for projects were developed by these groups and submitted to the Commission in March, 1961. Subsequently the Commission approved proposals for the projects discussed in the succeeding paragraphs of this chapter. Art Exhibit It was determined that an art exhibition of superior qual- ity should be held under the auspices of the Commission. One part of the exhibit would be concerned with English art of the seventeenth century while another section would seek to illustrate 100 years of Colonial art, with emphasis on the South and, wherever possible, on North Carolina. With the active co-operation of the subcommittee co- chairmen, Dr. Joseph C. Sloane, Director of the Ackland Art Center, Chapel Hill, and Dr. Justus Bier, Director of the North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, and their re- spective staffs, plans were completed for the project. The exhibition was conducted in the North Carolina Museum of Art in Raleigh, March 23-April 28, 1963, and featured 128 separate outstanding examples of paintings, sculpture, silverware, furniture and other artifacts of the period. In addition to the resources of the North Carolina Museum of Art, items borrowed from more than 50 other private and public art repositories were put on display. Among the more unusual examples of such loans were original por- traits of four of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina which were obtained from the National Portrait Gallery in Lon- don and from a private resident of the British capital. These loans were made possible through the personal intervention of the Honorable Dean Rusk, United States Secretary of Arts 23 State, which in turn was secured through the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission (federal commis- sion) . More than 14,000 persons visited the Tercentenary Art Exhibit, an increase of about one-third above the number of visitors to the museum during the comparable period of 1962. The Commission considers that the project was highly successful and that it demonstrated the significant heritage of North Carolina in the field of the fine arts. Literary Competition The Commission approved a recommendation to conduct a literary contest with awards to be made for outstanding works of fiction, nonfiction, and poetry. Entries were limited to those dealing with a topic related to North Carolina his- tory during the period 1663-1763. A panel of noted North Carolina literary figures was requested to draft rules for the competition which was restricted to natives and residents of North Carolina. Notice of the competition was published in the public press at the beginning of 1962. In addition, various literary groups in the State were notified by circular letters and by talks delivered at their meetings by members of the Com- mission and its staff. A deadline for submissions was estab- lished as June 30, 1963. Response to the Commission's invitation to participate in its literary competition was somewhat limited. Although pro- vision had been made for awards in four categories, namely: prose fiction, prose nonfiction, poetry and drama, entries having sufficient quality for consideration by the distin- guished panel of judges were confined only to the prose fiction and poetry divisions. In October, 1963, announcement was made of the win- ners in these two divisions of the competition: Prose Fiction— Manly Wade Wellman, Chapel Hill Cash Award of $1,000 Poetry— Sam Ragan, Raleigh and Thad Stem, Jr., Oxford (jointly) Cash Award of $ 500 Mrs. John H. Hamilton, Jr., Cary Honorable Mention 24 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Awards were conferred upon tne winners during the annual meeting of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Asso- ciation in Raleigh, December 6, 1963. Music and Performing Arts The recommendations of the Committee on the Arts in the field of the performing arts had exceptional merit and reflected a commendable zeal on the part of those who for- mulated them. Nevertheless they were considered to re- quire financial support exceeding that which might reason- ably be expected to be available to the Commission. It was decided, therefore, to sponsor composition of an original musical work for symphony orchestra. It was hoped that the composer would derive inspiration for his work from a consideration of the events of the Tercentenary period. Mr. Hunter Johnson, a noted North Carolina composer, was commissioned by the Carolina Charter Corporation, acting for the Commission, for the task. Mr. Johnson pro- duced a work which embodied to an outstanding degree the objectives of the Commission. The composition is entitled North State and is a work for full symphony orchestra re- quiring 13 to 15 minutes to play. The work is programed in three parts as follows: I. Introduction and Celebration One II. Three Interludes: The Colonists 1. Westward the Unknown: A Prayer 2. Land Bright with Sun and Birds 3. Simple Lives, Often Lonely III. Celebration Two: A Dance North State was given its premiere performance at Dur- ham, April 22, 1963, by the North Carolina Symphony un- der the direction of Dr. Benjamin Swalin. The work was given other performances later by Dr. Swalin as well as by other musical organizations in the State during the Tercen- tenary. Copies of the conductor's score have been deposited in the State Archives in Raleigh, and with the music depart- ments of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and at Greensboro, East Carolina College and Appalachian State Teachers College. Arts 25 "The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair" The Commission also approved the production of a music drama and a dance drama, both to be based upon the history of the Tercentenary period, provided adequate financial support from private sources could be obtained for one or both projects. After extensive investigation it was apparent that undertaking both projects would exceed the Commis- sion's capabilities. It was decided, therefore, to proceed only with the production of an original music drama designed for presentation on television. This medium would, it was felt, assure a maximum dissemination of the work among the population of the State and could lead to eventual na- tional exposure. Late in 1962, through the good offices of Mr. Donald Sea- well, formerly of Raleigh, now a New York attorney and theatrical producer, arrangements were entered into be- tween the Carolina Charter Corporation and Boosey and Hawkes, Incorporated, agents and publishers for Mr. Car- lisle Floyd, native of South Carolina and distinguished American composer of opera. Mr. Floyd agreed to compose the desired work for presentation late in 1963 and, after some months of research, selected as his text an episode con- cerning the migration of the Highland Scots to the Cape Fear River region in North Carolina during the first half of the eighteenth century. In November, 1962, also, Dr. Leo W. Jenkins, President of East Carolina College, agreed to the production of the work by the School of Music and the Department of Drama of that institution. An orchestra and singers for the supporting roles and the chorus were to be provided from among students supplemented as necessary by faculty members. The Com- mission was to secure the services of two professional singers for the leading roles and of a conductor. Miss Patricia Neway and Mr. Norman Treigle were engaged for the principal singing parts, and Mr. Julius Rudel, director of the New York City Opera, was engaged as conductor. Despite the limited amount of time for rehearsals and the difficulty of the music, preparation proceeded at an intensive pace under the supervision of Dr. Paul Gene Strassler, direc- 26 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission .3 X, U £ Arts 27 tor of East Carolina Opera Theater and Mr. Edgar R. Loes- sin, director of East Carolina Playhouse, who staged the work, utilizing a set designed by Mr. John A. Sneden. The Sojourner and Mollie Sinclair was given its premiere performance before an audience in the Raleigh Little Theater December 2, 1963. The work was most warmly re- ceived by the opening night audience as well as by those who attended the performances on December 3 and 4. Press reviews were uniformly favorable in their appreciation of the music drama. Following the performances in the theater, the company was transferred to the studio of WUNC-TV in Raleigh where a video tape of the work was made under the direction of Mr. Loessin. The television production was superb in the quality of its sound and was technically excellent in every way, far surpassing the Commission's hopes in this respect. The work was presented by 11 of the 13 North Carolina television stations during the latter part of December. The Commission considers this project to be the capstone of its Tercentenary program. CHAPTER VI Religious Activities The Commission recognized the importance of the role of religion as a motivating force in the colonization of North Carolina. It decided that steps should be taken to encourage observance of the Tercentenary by church groups through- out the State. A Committee on Religious Activities, there- fore, was organized with the Right Reverend Thomas H. Wright, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of East Carolina, as its Chairman. Representatives of all religious communions were appointed to the group which began formulating meas- ures to be taken by churches and religious organizations to bring the objectives and programs of the Tercentenary to the attention of their members so as to ensure their support. In order to assist clergymen in the task of emphasizing the contribution of the Carolina Charter of 1663 and the early history of the Colony to establishing and strengthening of the concept of religious freedom, informational materials were prepared by the Committee. These materials consisted of historical data for denominational groups which had significant existence in North Carolina during the period 1663-1763, and an essay on the religious implications of the Charter of 1663. With the co-operation of the religious organizations and ministerial associations of the State, these tracts were widely distributed and clergymen put them to good use in develop- ing sermons, addresses and informal talks. Special advantage was taken of the fact that March 24, 1963, the actual anni- versary date of the issue of the Charter, fell on Sunday. The religious aspects of the Tercentenary were not, how- ever, confined to sermons and other forms of preaching. The clergy and laymen throughout the State developed com- memorative exercises which were characterized by effective- ness and popular participation. In the paragraphs below a few of these programs are described in order to provide some insight into their scope and variety. Religious Activities 29 At Bath, Beaufort County, on March 24, the Rt. Rev. Thomas H. Wright, Commission member and Bishop of the Diocese of East Carolina, conducted a Forefathers Service at historic St. Thomas Episcopal Church. The Prayer Book used was printed during the reign of Charles II in 1662 and was once used in St. George's Chapel in Windsor Castle. A coffee hour was held in the Old Glebe House following the service. Also part of the day's activities was a concert by the Washington High School Band, playing selections in keeping with the theme of the Tercentenary. On the same date, in North Wilkesboro, Wilkes County, at the First Methodist Church, the Rev. Lee R. Spencer preached the morning sermon on "Life, Liberty and Basic Freedoms." The provisions in the Carolina Charter for religious tolerance were the key to the message. An original anthem, "A Heritage Strong," written by Mr. H. Grady Reagan, Director of Music, for the Tercentenary observance, was performed by the church choir. Two articles in the church bulletin explained the history of the period and circumstances surrounding the granting of the Charter. Two months later, on June 22, at Snow Camp in Alamance County, over 200 persons gathered at the Cane Creek Meet- ing House to commemorate the period of settlement, 1663- 1763. Mr. Holt McPherson, Editor of the High Point En- terprise, addressed the group on the grounds of the oldest Quaker church in the State. Colonial costumes and displays were prominent. Also on the program were the Rev. C. Kenneth Wood, Pastor of Cane Creek Meeting House, Mr. Seth B. Hinshaw, Executive Secretary of the Yearly Meet- ing of Friends, Dr. Algie I. Newman, Guilford College, and Dr. Clyde A. Milner, President of Guilford College. On October 13, at Williamsboro, Vance County, the an- nual meeting of the Friends of St. John's Church was held in tribute to the Tercentenary. The Rt. Rev. Richard H. Baker, Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of North Carolina, conducted a service in St. John's, the oldest colonial Episco- pal building in his diocese, in accordance with the Order of Worship in use during the first 100 years of North Carolina 30 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission history. Following the service and a picnic in the vicinity of the church, the Honorable Francis E. Winslow, Commission Chairman, spoke to the gathering on the history and back- ground of the Charter. CHAPTER VII Local Commemorative Observances A Committee on Commemorative Events was established to develop plans for the encouragement of programs of ob- servance commemorating appropriate events which occurred during the period of establishment and consolidation of Colonial Carolina. Under the guidance of Mesdames Inglis Fletcher and Harry McMullan initially, and later of the Honorable J. V. Whitfield, measures were taken for obtain- ing the support and participation of historical, patriotic, and civic organizations. Observances were to be festive or serious in character as the event to be commemorated re- quired; they would include both regional and central func- tions such as fairs, pageants, receptions, dinners, socials, ceremonies, resolutions by the General Assembly and other suitable activities. A network of civic leaders was organized throughout the State with one individual being designated County Repre- sentative in each of the participating counties. These leaders were urged to organize local committees comprising mem- bers of civic and patriotic organizations, teachers, clergy- men and other professional persons. County representatives and members of their groups were supplied with literature and other materials designed to assist them in the formula- tion of their plans. By the beginning of the Tercentenary, in January, 1963, a total of 87 of North Carolina's 100 counties had designated County Representatives and were participating in the year- long observance. Local programs varied widely from one community to another. Some were simple tree-planting exer- cises in the local schoolyard. One observance, in Watauga County, lasted three days and included a wagon trek by 200 persons who re-enacted Daniel Boone's crossing of the Blue Ridge, circa 1769. A partial list of activities conducted in one or more of the local celebrations follows: 32 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Public proclamation with Exhibits of relics, antiques appropriate ceremony Colonial art and artifacts Marking old houses, buildings, Carnivals churches with date of erection Parade with floats Construction of replicas of settlers' Tableaux houses and Indian dwellings Plays Exhibition of examples of work Eolk dancing of early local craftsmen Musicales Markers for historic places, events Tree Planting Contests— agricultural, cooking, etc. Publication of history Meetinghouse service (costume) Cemetery markers As the number of County Representatives increased, it was thought advisable to group them in geographic districts which would facilitate attendance at regional meetings and workshops. During 1961, therefore, five districts were es- tablished, each comprising from 12 to 27 counties and each under the supervision of a District Chief. District I included the 12 present-day counties which once constituted the Albe- marle. District II was composed of 26 counties comprehend- ing the southeastern quarter of the State. District III, 27 counties in number, included the Piedmont region. District IV comprised 23 Mountain counties in the western part of the State. Twelve counties centered in the area of Wake were grouped into District V. In 1961 and 1962 frequent meetings were held at var- ious points in the State attended by the staff of the Com- mission in order to counsel the County Representatives and afford them an opportunity to compare programs with each other. How well this program of public education at the grass roots succeeded may be determined from a review of the activities sponsored by the local groups concerning which information is on file in the Commission's records. It should be understood that a quite considerable number of local observances were conducted throughout the State without any report being made. Consequently, the follow- ing summary of activities must be regarded as partial and incomplete. In this recapitulation, counties are listed alpha- betically under the Districts to which assigned. Local Commemorative Observances 33 District I— L. S. Blades, Jr., Elizabeth City, Chief. BERTIE COUNTY— MISS STELLA PHELPS, WOODVILLE, REPRESEN- TATIVE. November 1 & 2, Windsor. Governor Terry Sanford, Miss North Carolina, Congressman Herbert C. Bonner, Mr. Ted Davis, State Travel Bureau, and Gen. John D. F. Phillips were among the dignitaries present for the celebration. The festivities included an art exhibit by Bertie artist, Francis Speight; a parade using mobile display units of historical items and theme; a pageant depicting the building of the Nathaniel Batts house (the earliest known cabin of a permanent settler in North Carolina) ; a tour of historical points of interest and old homes; and an antique show by dealers throughout eastern North Carolina. Merchants in Windsor decorated their store windows with items of historic interest. Mer- chants, employees and hostesses on the tour dressed in costume of the colonial period. CAMDEN COUNTY— JESSE F. PUGH, OLD TRAP, REPRESENTATIVE. May 5, South Mills. The Rev. E. F. Moseley, rector of Holy Trinity Episcopal Church in Hertford, conducted a com- memorative service at the McBride Methodist Church, site of the first sanctuary, erected in 1715, for a congrega- tion of the Established Church. CHOWAN COUNTY— DAVID WARREN, EDENTON, REPRESENTATIVE. April 6, Edenton. The First Day of Issue ceremonies for the Carolina Charter Commemorative Stamp were held in the historical town incorporated in 1722, which served as the Colony's unofficial capital for more than 40 years. Appearing on the program were Commission Chairman Francis E. Winslow, Congressman Herbert C. Bonner, Senator B. Everett Jordan, and Postmaster General, J. Edward Day. April 19, 20, and 21, Edenton. The Woman's Club spon- sored the biennial Pilgrimage of Colonial Edenton and Countryside. Twenty-two homes, plantations and historic shrines were open to the public. Nearly half of the Houses 34 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission and Public buildings were erected between 1663 and 1763. A showing of crafts of the era was held and water front tours were conducted daily on the Albemarle Sound. CURRITUCK COUNTY--WILTON WALKER, JR., CURRITUCK, REPRE- SENTATIVE. Summer, 1963, Currituck and Dare County. The Public Library serving the two counties awarded a certificate for the "North Carolina Tercentenary Summer Reading Pro- gram" upon completion of reading fifteen approved books by the recipient. The certificate was styled after the Char- ter. DARE COUNTY— AYCOCK BROWN, MANTEO, REPRESENTATIVE. January 5, Rodanthe. A proclamation dedicating the cele- bration to the Tercentenary was read as a part of the an- nual "Old Christmas" festivities on the Outer Banks. June 29, Manteo. Andy Griffith, entertainer, dedicated the opening performance of "The Lost Colony" outdoor drama to the 300th anniversary observance. The Mobile Museum of History made its maiden appearance on this occasion. MARTIN COUNTY— ELBERT S. PEEL, WILLIAMSTON, REPRESENTA- TIVE. April 24, Williamston. A colonial tea and display of an- tiques was sponsored by the Historical Society and friends of the local libraries. Refreshments were tea cakes and colonial punch served with napkins bearing the dates 1663- 1763 by young ladies dressed in colonial costume. Enter- tainment included the showing of three color movies de- picting life and customs of colonial days. Handpainted decorations included symbols of the State, a replica of the Carolina Charter, a picture of King Charles, and an ar- rangement of flowers and shrubs typical of those grown during the early American period. PASQUOTANK COUNTY— POTTER DIXON, ELIZABETH CITY, REPRE- SENTATIVE. December 10 (1962), Elizabeth City. Mis* Julia Ribet of the Charter Commission spoke to a joint meeting of the Local Commemorative Observances 35 Musical Tempo Club and the Pasquotank Historical So- ciety. March 23 & 24, Elizabeth City. The annual Camellia Show featured the Tercentenary theme in categories of arrange- ments pertaining to the colonial period. April 15, Elizabeth City. A Tercentenary silver tea honored the 300th anniversary of the Carolina Charter of 1663. April 17 & 18, Elizabeth City. The Albemarle Craftsman's Show displayed exhibits of colonial crafts and products. April 24, Camden. The Home Demonstrations Clubs spon- sored a program of colonial costumes and songs directed by Mrs. John Hurdle. PERQUIMANS COUNTY— MRS. EMMETT WINSLOW, HERTFORD, REPRESENTATIVE. April 19-21, Hertford. Weekend festivities included a court- room drama, colonial fish dinner, and a historical exhibit. Hon. Francis E. Winslow, Chairman of the Charter Com- mission, presided as Judge for the drama, "Perquiman's First One-Hundred Years." Dinner and colonial dances were held in the Court House Square. April 21, Phelps Point. A commemoration of the first re- ligious service in Proprietary Carolina was conducted. TYRELL COUNTY— MRS. C. EARL COHOON, COLUMBIA, REPRESEN- TATIVE. August 10, Columbia. Hon. Herbert C. Bonner, representa- tive in Congress from the 1st North Carolina District, was the guest speaker at the American Legion Annual Picnic, the Scuppernong Post's 35th anniversary and Ter- centenary observance. On display were maps showing the original Tyrrell County boundary line in 1729 and the shore line boundary 300 years ago. Members of the Boy Scout Troop No. 94 enacted an Indian scene. A basket dinner was served. October 24 & 25, Columbia. The county representative sup- plied the pattern for a replica of the Tercentenary symbol to the students of Tyrrell High School. The symbol top- ped the list of school exhibits in art at the New Farmers of America Fair. 36 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Tercentenary publications were distributed to the high school and a $5.00 prize was offered for the best essay on the colonial period of 1663-1763. WASHINGTON COUNTY— MRS. SIDNEY WARD, SR., PLYMOUTH, REPRESENTATIVE. May 18, Plymouth. Mrs. Laura S. Johnston featured the Ter- centenary in a candlelight piano recital. Participants wore colonial costume. District II— Hon. J. V. Whitfield, Wallace, Chief. BEAUFORT COUNTY— MRS. HEWRY R. SWARTZELL, WASHINGTON, REPRESENTATIVE. January 23, Washington. Col. C. Wingate Reed addressed the Pamlico Committee of the National Society of Colon- ial Dames in the State of North Carolina on the topic of their organization. February 20, Washington. Hon. J. Vivian Whitfield addres- sed the Major Reading Blount Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution on "Our Heritage." March 24, Bath. A band concert and Forefathers Service was conducted at St. Thomas' Church. March 25, Washington. A proclamation was read by the Mayor from the Court House steps noting the commemora- tion of the Tercentenary. March 25-April 25, Washington. An exhibit in observance of the Tercentenary was displayed in Brown Memorial Library. March 25-April 25, Belhaven. The Fanny Mebane Memor- ial Library displayed an exhibit pertaining to the colonial period. March 27-29, Washington. The Garden Clubs planted six "Charter Oaks" at the city school. May 7, Washington. Mrs. Henry Swartzell spoke on the Caro- lina Charter to the Woman's Club. Local Commemorative Observances 37 BRUNSWICK COUNTY— MRS. M. HENDERSON ROURK, SHALLOTTE, REPRESENTATIVE. September 8, Old Brunswick Town. Dr. E. Lawrence Lee was the guest speaker at ceremonies commemorating the Spanish Attack of 1747 and Groundbreaking for the Brunswick Town Visitor Center. Home & Garden Tours were conducted in Southport. Colonial Buildings were featured. CARTERET COUNTY— F. C. SALISBURY, MOREHEAD CITY, REPRE- SENTATIVE. A half-hour slide program with narration was compiled by the representative and presented to the following organiza- tions on various occasions during 1963: Junior Woman's Club; Lower Cape Fear Historical Society, Wilmington; Jacksonville Rotary Club; Emeritus Club; Carteret County Historical Society, with the Atlantic High School history class as guests; The Lanier Book Club; Newport Rotary Club; the two 8th grades of the Morehead City Grade School, and the Business and Professional Club. Miss Ruth Peeling, editor of the Carteret County News- Times wrote a play entitled, "Blackbeard, Raider of the Carolina Seas" which was published in the November 22 is- sue of that periodical. COLUMBUS COUNTY— MRS. LESLIE THOMPSON, WHITEVILLE, REPRESENTATIVE. January, 1963, Whiteville. Dr. Chalmers G. Davidson, Com- mission member, addressed the stockholders of the Wac- camaw Bank and Trust Co., using the Carolina Charter of 1663 as his theme. March 2, Whiteville. The High School planted a liveoak tree symbolizing the opening of activities in the county. June 11, Whiteville. The Junior Woman's Club held a com- memorative program. CRAVEN COUNTY— W. L. FLOWERS, NEW BERN, REPRESENTATIVE. April 9, New Bern. Tryon Palace Commission luncheon honoring Tercentenary. Hon. Francis E. Winslow, Chair- man of the Commission was guest speaker. 38 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission CUMBERLAND COUNTY— GEORGE B. HERNDON, FAYETTEVILLE, REPRESENTATIVE. May 1-9, Fayetteville. The Fine Arts Committee of the Fayetteville Junior Chamber of Commerce dedicated the Festival of the Arts, held annually by Fayetteville and Cumberland County, to the Tercentenary. February, Fayetteville. Mrs. Scott Shepherd was guest speaker at the meeting of the Cumberland County Committee of Colonial Dames. April 23, Fayetteville. Miss Julia Ribet of the Charter Commission spoke to a group of Methodist College Stu- dents. May 18, Fayetteville. Betty Vaiden Wright Williams gave a program for the Woman's Club which included Ter- centenary Folk Songs. September, Fayetteville. The Chaminade Music Club dedi- cated its monthly program to the 300th anniversary with music of the colonial period. October 5 & 6, Fayetteville. The Garden Council Fall Flower Show paid tribute to the Tercentenary. October 10, Fayetteville. Dr. A. I. Newlin of Guilford Col- lege spoke to the Lion's Club on the Carolina Charter. DUPLIN COUNTY— F. W. MCGOWEN, KENANSVILLE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. December 3, (1962), Kenansville. A resolution was adopted by the Board of County Commissioners for the observance of the Tercentenary. May 7, Rose Hill, Flower show and heritage display spon- sored by the Woman's Club. November 13, Faison. The representative spoke to the Sesame Woman's Club regarding county government from 1663 to the present. Pamphlets were distributed. December 9, Rose Hill. The representative spoke to the Rose Hill PTA on "A Look at Our Public Schools from 1663 to the Present." Pamphlets were distributed to the Wallace Woman's Club by Mrs. Winifred T. Wells. Local Commemorative Observances 39 HOKE COUNTY— MRS. T. B. UPCHURCH, RAEFORD, REPRESENTA- TIVE. March, Hoke County. Hymns from the colonial period were used in church services throughout the county. May 5, Raeford. A concert was given by the U. S. Army Band sponsored by the Chaminade Music Club and County Ter- centenary committee. May 27, Raeford. A tree-planting ceremony was held on the grounds of the Hoke High School. The tree was named the "Charter Oak." September 27, Raeford. Miss Julia Ribet of the Charter Com- mission spoke to the annual teacher banquet of the Woman's Club. November 20, Hoke County. Home Demonstration clubs held a luncheon at the Hoke Community Center using colonial receipts. History classes in the high school received special instruc- tion on the Charter and the colonial period. Information on the Tercentenary was displayed in the Chamber of Commerce office. Orders were taken there for Tercenten- ary souvenirs. LENOIR COUNTY— MRS. J. A. JONES, KINSTON, REPRESENTATIVE. September, Kinston. The Worthwhile Club chose the cen- tury of history being celebrated during the Tercentenary for its year-long study. October. Kinston. Mrs. Elizabeth Copeland of Greenville presented a program about North Carolina heritage and the Tercentenary at a meeting of the Booklovers Club. MOORE COUNTY— GEORGE R. ROSS, JACKSON SPRINGS, REPRESEN- TATIVE. September 29 (1962), Pinehurst. Robert C. Page, III of the Charter Commission, addressed the North Carolina As- sociation of Realtors. April 30, Pinehurst. The North Carolina Automobile Deal- ers Association convention featured a Tercentenary Break- fast. Governor Sanford, principal speaker; Edmund Hard- ing, Master of Ceremonies. The event was arranged by 40 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Mrs. L. Y. Ballentine, Executive Secretary of the NCADA and member of the federal commission. Colonial cos- tumes were worn by the dignitaries and guests. Dr. Hugh T. LeHer, noted North Carolina historian, spoke to the Annual Spring meeting of the Moore County His- torical Association, Tavern Hall, Southern Pines, on the topic of the early history of North Carolina. "A Carolina Charter and Tercentenary Course" was pre- sented to the Moore County Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution at the home of Mrs. H. W. Doub, Aberdeen. The Shaw House in Southern Pines and Alstair House in Deep River were made available to local clubs meeting in connection with the Carolina Charter Tercentenary. A display was arranged in the public library exhibiting the Indian relics collection of Mr. C. McAuly. NEW HANOVER COUNTY— WILLIAM G. BROADFOOT, JR., WIL- MINGTON, REPRESENTATIVE. Wilmington College Thalian group presented the "Prince of Parthia," first play completed (1759) in the colonies. The St. John's Art Gallery in Wilmington distributed ma- terials pertaining to the colonial period to visitors in March. ONSLOW COUNTY— REV. TUCKER LITTLETON, SWANSBORO, REPRE- SENTATIVE. January, Jacksonville. The Onslow County Public Library issued a special annotated bibliography. January 20, Jacksonville. The Onslow County Public Libr- ary and County Tercentenary Committee co-sponsored a folk song musicale by the Jacksonville High School Girls' Chorus. Folk songs of the Charter period were featured. An art exhibit by Elmer and lone Griese of Richlands was held dealing with subjects of Onslow County history. February, Jacksonville. The Rotary Club heard an illus- trated lecture on the Lords Proprietors and the Charter. March, Jacksonville and Swansboro. A proclamation was read by the mayor noting the commemoration of the 300th anniversary of the Charter. Local Commemorative Observances 41 March 22, Onslow County. A special edition of a weekly paper, The White Oak Scene was devoted to the Ter- centenary. March 24, Onslow County. The Garden Clubs placed spe- cial flower arangements in all the churches. October 12, Swansboro. The Swansboro Historical Associa- tion opened exhibits in the Ringware House following the Annual Mullet Festival. November 21, Jacksonville. The Rev. Tucker Littleton spoke to the Joseph Montford Chapter, Daughters of the Ameri- can Revolution, on the Tercentenary and historical events of the county's first 100 years. December 4, Swansboro. Formal opening of the Swansboro Historical Museum in commemoration of the county's 232nd birthday and the Tercentenary. Three exhibits were presented to the Swansboro Historical Association: Indian artifacts, a martime exhibit and a naval stores exhibit. PAMLICO COUNTY— MRS. FRED LATHAM, ORIENTAL, REPRESENTA- TIVE. May 5, Bayboro. A band concert and commemorative serv- ice was conducted for the county. Sketches of county his- tory and its churches were presented by the representative. PENDER COUNTY— MRS. ROY ROWE, BURGAW, REPRESENTATIVE. April 1, Burgaw. Mr. David Stick, Commission member, author and historian, was the guest speaker at a program in the Burgaw High School Auditorium. Honor students from the schools served as pages. Judge Clifton L. Moore presented a short history of the county's first one-hundred years. Mr. Stick was introduced by Gen. John D. F. Phil- lips, Executive-Secretary of the Charter Commission. Mrs. E. L. Durham, Commission member, assisted in planning the program. Miss Martha Rowe presented a painting of the John Alexander Lillington home, built in 1734, to Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director of the State Department of Archives and History. 42 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission PITT COUNTY— MISS TABITHA M. DEVISCONTI, FARMVILLE, REPRE- SENTATIVE. April 26-28, Greenville. The spring regional meeting of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association in- cluded an address by Stanley South of the Brunswick Town restoration on historic colonial sites. October 13, Washington, D. C. The East Carolina College Marching Pirates appeared at a professional football half- time show maneuvering to form symbols representing the Tercentenary celebration. The program was televised on a national network. RICHMOND COUNTY— I. S. LONDON, ROCKINGHAM, REPRESENTA- TIVE. May 25 & 26 v , Hamlet. The Junior and Senior Women's Clubs sponsored the annual Flower Show in commemora- tion of the Tercentenary with a program entitled, "Our Heritage." A Tercentenary educational exhibit was dis- played and arrangements and drawings were judged on adherence to colonial themes. ROBESON COUNTY— MRS. W. SCOTT SHEPHERD, LUMBERTON, REP- RESENTATIVE. February 20, Fayetteville. Mrs. Scott Shepherd spoke to the Cumberland County Committee of the Colonial Dames. March 1-3, St. Pauls. Tercentenary display and exhibit at Eastern Carolina Coin Show. March 23, Lumberton. A "Charter Oak" was planted at the Robeson County Court House. Judge Henry A. McKin- nan was the guest speaker for the ceremony. Winners of the local essay contest were announced. April 18, Lumberton. Mrs. Charles B. Fuller addressed the Robeson County Colonial Dames on the "Lords Proprie- tors." May 7, Lumberton. Mrs. Shepherd spoke to the Rotary Club. September 16, Lumberton. The Woman's Club heard Mrs. Shepherd discuss the Tercentenary celebration and Robe- son County participation. Local Commemorative Observances 43 October, St. Pauls. Mrs. Browne Evans presented a program on "The Lords Proprietors" to the Wednesday Study Club. October 17, Lumberton. Mrs. Berry French spoke to the Robeson Committee Colonial Dames on "Wives of the Lords Proprietors." October 22, Maxton. Mrs. Shepherd addressed the Woman's Civic Club on "North Carolina History and Heritage." SAMPSON COUNTY— MRS. TAFT BASS,, CLINTON, REPRESENTATIVE. May, Clinton. The Tercentenary theme was included in the Garden Club meeting. WAYNE COUNTY— HENSON P. BARNES, GOLDSBORO, REPRESENTA- TIVE. February 22, Goldsboro. A Tercentenary "Kickoff Dinner" for Wayne County activities was held in the Hotel Golds- boro. Dr. Hugh Lefler, historian, was the guest speaker. Mr. Henry Belk, member of the Executive Committee of the Commission offered brief remarks. Mount Olive College Drama Department presented "The Prince of Parthia," first play completed in the colonies. District III— Dr. Henry W. Jordan, Cedar Falls, Chief. ALAMANCE COUNTY— GEORGE D. COLCLOUGH, BURLINGTON, REP- RESENTATIVE. March 15, Elon College. General John D. F. Phillips ad- dressed the student body of Elon College on the signifi- cance of the Charter. April 21, Burlington. The annual Hawfields Presbyterian Church Homecoming included a sermon by Dr. A. V. Gibson relating to the Tercentenary entitled, "Heritage and Challenge." May 17, Burlington. The Music Club presented a program, "Colonial and Contemporary Music." June 6, Gibsonville. The Book Club discussed aspects of the Tercentenary program. June 22, Snow Camp. The Cane Creek Meeting House, the oldest continuous Quaker Church in North Carolina, fea- 44 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission tured guest speaker Holt McPherson, Editor of the High Point Enterprise. Historical items were displayed, includ- ing a scale model of the original landmark structures. ALEXANDER COUNTY. The Taylorsville Study Club chose the Tercentenary as the theme for the year's study. A handbook was prepared using the symbol and appropriate quotations for each program. Mrs. Bob Heafner and Mrs. Victor Prusa pre- sented a program on fine arts in September. ANSON COUNTY— MRS. W. J. GULLEDGE, WADESBORO, REPRESEN- TATIVE. January, Wadesboro. The entire month was spent in plan- ning a twelve-month observance and choosing committees. February, Anson County. Designated History Month in all schools. Beautification programs were held throughout the county. Five garden clubs in a joint ceremony planted dog- wood trees on Anson County Hospital grounds. March, Wadesboro. A concerted effort was made to obtain and restore the Dr. Hugh Hammond Bennett House. Dr. Bennett is known as "The Father of Conservation." April 19, Wadesboro. A Spring Festival featured music, drama, and art. "Stepping Stones," a pageant written by the representative, incorporated the history of the county and state from the past to the present. May, Anson County. All PTA groups emphasized the im- portance of the Tercentenary celebration. June & July, Anson County. Designated "Know Your State Months," with field trips and family tours emphasized. August 12, Lilesville. The Baptist Church Homecoming in- cluded a commemorative program. September 23-29, Anson County. Designated "Constitution Week" in all schools, with programs, displays and a cen- tral exhibit in Wadesboro of early North Carolina. October 12, Forestville. A "Fall Ingathering" was held at the Forestville Church with a Tercentenary exhibit. November, Anson County. Designated "Month of Grati- tude" in observance of Thanksgiving and the religious provisions of the Charter. Local Commemorative Observances 45 December 14, Wadesboro. The First Methodist Church dedi- cated the Christmas Cantata to the Tercentenary. CABARRUS COUNTY. October, Concord. The Quest Book Club featured the Ter- centenary as the year's study. CASWELL COUNTY. June 21, Yanceyville. Miss Julia Ribet of the Charter Com- mission staff spoke to the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. CATAWBA COUNTY— DR. J. E. HODGES, MAIDEN, REPRESENTATIVE. February, Hickory. The St. Cecilia Music Club presented its annual parade of American Music in honor of the Tercentenary. Miss Thelma Rast of Lenoir Rhyne College led the program in a discussion of the history relevant to the Charter and the progression of music through 1773. March 11, Hickory. The Junior High School heard Miss Julia Ribett discuss the Tercentenary celebration. Dis- plays made by the students regarding the celebration were exhibited. April 21. Maiden. A re-enactment of Adam Sherrill's Cross- ing of the Catawba River was conducted at Rehobeth Church. A picnic followed the service. September, Hickory. Mrs. Josephine Shumate presented a program on Culpeper's Rebellion to the Liberal Arts Club which selected the Tercentenary as the study for the year. October 1, Hickory. Mrs. P. W. Deaton, President of the Hickory Woman's Club, directed members of the Junior Woman's Club on a tour of the Log Cabin as a part of the program on heritage in observance of the Carolina Charter Tercentenary. October 19, Hickory. The Liberal Arts Club heard Mrs. E. E. Smith in a program on the Lords Proprietors. CHATHAM COUNTY— EDWARD S. HOLMES, PITTSBORO, REPRESEN- TATIVE. May 23, Pittsboro. Miss Julia Ribet of the Charter Commis- sion spoke to the Chatham County Historical Society. 46 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission CLEVELAND COUNTY. April, Shelby. Mrs. William Royster presented a program on the celebration to the Ishpenning Club. May 7, Kings Mountain. The Junior Chamber of Commerce annual Ladies Night featured Mr. James B. Garland in an address on the Tercentenary. DAVIDSON COUNTY— COL. WADE H. PHILLIPS, LEXINGTON, REPRE- SENTATIVE. October 1 & 2, Thomasville. A Home Tour was conducted by the Junior Woman's Club. October 14, Thomasville. Mrs. Clifton Black, history teacher in the City Schools, in an address to the Civitan Club dis- cussed the circumstances under which the Carolina Char- ter was issued. FORSYTH COUNTY— ARCHIBALD CRAIGE, WINSTON-SALEM, REPRE- SENTATIVE. March 24, Winston-Salem. Dr. Frank P. Graham, United Nations mediator and Chairman of the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission (federal) spoke to an assembly of Winston-Salem Teachers College students. April 24, Winston-Salem. A vesper service address was con- ducted by the students of Winston-Salem Teachers Col- lege. April 26-28, Winston-Salem. First North Carolina Confer- ence on Preservation paid tribute to the Tercentenary. April 27, Winston-Salem. Winston-Salem Teachers College chapel exercises included a program on the 300th an- niversary. October 26, Winston-Salem. The Wake Forest College 26th annual band day included participation by 22 bands in forming the figure "NC 300" and dedicating a new march, The North Carolina Tercentenary March, written by Cal- vin Huber, Director of the Wake Forest Band. GASTON COUNTY. June, Gastonia. The first volume of the new edition of the Colonial Records of North Carolina was presented to the Local Commemorative Observances 47 Gaston Public Library by the Sharps and Flats Music Club. Mrs. George Wincroff III made the presentation. October 9, Gastonia. The U. C. Club chose the Tercentenary for the year's study. Miss Wilbur Sweeney presented a program on "North Carolina in Its Earliest Days." GUILFORD COUNTY— BLACKWELL P. ROBINSON, GREENSBORO, REP- RESENTATIVE. November (1962) , Greensboro. Dr. Hugh T. Lefler, Kenan Professor of History at Chapel Hill, was the guest speaker at a kickoff banquet for activities in the county. April, Greensboro. Mrs. Grant Joslin presented a program to the members of the Variety Study Club. May 21, Greensboro. Dr. Blackwell P. Robinson spoke to the members of the Exchangette Club. May 22, Greensboro. The O. Henry Woman's Club held a fashion show featuring the colonial costumes which had been made for the Federation Convention in Asheville. September, Greensboro. The annual Hairstyle Show pre- sented by the Cosmotologist Club observed the Tercen- tenary with symbolic hair styles of the State. IREDELL COUNTY— J. C. STEELE, JR., STATESVILLE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. April 24, Statesville. Mr. J. R. Huskins, editor of the States- ville Record & Landmark, delivered an address to the Chez Nous Book Club. April 29, Statesville. The Woman's Club and Junior Service League gave a performance of an original pageant, "Old North State," written by Mrs. J. S. Evans, to all school children (est. 2,600) in Statesville. That evening the pageant was performed for the public. The pageant script was reproduced for use by other organizations. April 30, Asheville. The same cast noted above presented the pageant to the annual meeting of the State Federation of Women's Clubs. November 1, Statesville. A program on the subject of the Charter was presented by Mr. J. C. Fowler to the Iredell County Chapter of the Colonial Dames of America. 48 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission LINCOLN COUNTY— FRANK H. CROWELL, LINCOLNTON, REPRE- SENTATIVE. August, Lincolnton. Mrs. Hal Heafner wrote a Tercentenary pageant for the Woman's Democratic Club meeting. The play was performed in the park and later taped for local radio listeners. November, Lincolnton. The Anna Jackson Book Club heard Mrs. Floyd Corriher and Mrs. Herbert Kuhn speak on the topic of the anniversary. MECKLENBURG COUNTY— PHILLIP N. ALEXANDER, CHARLOTTE, REPRESENTATIVE. The Twentieth Century Book Club of Charlotte selected the Tercentenary as the topic for their year-long study. May 8, Charlotte. A commemorative luncheon was given by the Woman's Club under the supervision of Mrs. L. R. Knight. May 17, Charlotte. Dr. R. W. Reike addressed the Charlotte Chapter of the North Carolina Society, Sons of the Ameri- can Revolution, on the Tercentenary. The address was later carried by a local radio station. September 15, Charlotte. The Mint Museum of Art honored the Tercentenary at an exhibit. September 19, Charlotte. The Battle of Charlotte Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution heard Miss Ruth Blackwelder of Charlotte College on "Our Carolina Charter and Our U. S. Constitution." November 18-22, Charlotte. The Tercentenary was utilized as the official theme of the week-long real estate educa- tional program sponsored by the Charlotte Board of Realtors. MONTGOMERY COUNTY. October 4, Troy. The Music Club conducted a program in keeping with the 300th anniversary on "Music of the Early Colonists" given by Mrs. Floyd Arscott. ORANGE COUNTY— JAMES H. COMAN, HILLSBORO, REPRESENTA- TIVE. October 6, Hillsboro. Mr. Coman met with a planning com- Local Commemorative Observances 49 mittee composed of: Miss Anne Cameron, Mrs. John Carr, Mr. C. Paul Carr, Rev. Ed Smith, and Miss Elaine Dor- sett. October 11, Hillsboro. Mr. John Kellenberger presented a program to the Historic Hillsborough Society on the his- tory of the Charter and early Carolina in connection with his discussion of the restoration of the Tryon Palace. December 6, Hillsboro. A musicale entitled, "An Evening of 17th & 18th Century Music" was presented by the Tercentenary Committee at the monthly meeting of the Hillsborough Historical Society. Professor Edgar Alden of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, di- rected. Through the instrumentality of Mrs. Robert M. Lester of Chapel Hill, a portrait of the Earl of Hillsborough was commissioned for the town. Posters depicting the Tercentenary symbol and the dates of the celebration were displayed in most store windows. Copies of the Charter Commission's "Text of the Carolina Charter" were presented to the Orange County Bar Asso- ciation for their information and study. PERSON COUNTY. October 8, Roxboro. A varied collection of antiques were displayed at a Heritage Tea sponsored by the Woman's Club. The members wore colonial costumes. ROCKINGHAM COUNTY— MRS. S. R. PRICE, REIDSVILLE, REPRESEN- TATIVE. September, 1962. Gen. John D. F. Phillips of the Charter Commission addressed the Leaksville Spray Rotary Club. October, 1962. A historical tour was conducted in prepara- tion for the Tercentenary. March, Rockingham County. The Historical Society offered prizes of $15.00 to the county winners in the Essay Con- test sponsored by the Charter Commission. March, Reidsville. The William Bethel Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution created a display 50 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission and featured the Tercentenary in the program for the meeting. March, Reidsville. Mr. Henry W. Anderson addressed the Pilot Club on the subject of the Charter and the county's participation in the celebration. March, Reidsville. Miss Julia Ribet spoke to the Tuesday Afternoon Reading Club at High Rock Farm, home of the Representative. June, Reidsville. A framed copy of the Carolina Charter was presented to winners in the essay contest in the county. June 20, Leaksville. Miss Julia Ribet of the Charter Com- mission spoke to the Golden Age Club on the topic of the Tercentenary. June 21, Reidsville. Miss Ribet addressed the Colonial Dames of XVII Century. June, Reidsville. The Pilot Club presented 5 city schools with Mr. William Powell's book, The Carolina Charter of 1663. July 15-20, Reidsville. Miss Julia Ribet and Mr. Henry Anderson appeared on a program in conjuction wtih the Trade Fair and the visit of the Mobile Museum. July 30, Leaksville. Miss Ribet spoke to the Leaksville-Spray Rotarians. STANLY COUNTY. September 10, Albemarle. The Home Life Department of Woman's Club met in colonial costume at the home of Mr. T. Burt Mauney. Mrs. J. F. Ervin and Mrs. Geddie Strickland presented a program on the Tercentenary. STOKES COUNTY— HON. GRACE T. RODENBOUGH, WALNUT COVE, REPRESENTATIVE. December 3, Danbury. An original pageant, "Sights and Sounds of the Birth of North Carolina," was presented by students of Danbury Elementary School. The narration for the pageant was written by the representative. Scenes were portrayed within a large wooden frame, and were entitled, "A Portrait of Charles," "Frontier Strife," "The Garret Musician," "Colonial Pastimes," "Carolina Evan- Local Commemorative Observances 51 gelism," and "Albemarle Biographies," forming a living coloring book skit. A large bulletin board was prepared by the students also. SURRY COUNTY— W. FRANK CARTER, JR., MOUNT AIRY, REPRE- SENTATIVE. May 16, Mount Airy. Mr. Carter spoke to the Woman's Club regarding the celebration of the Charter. A series of historical articles was prepared for publication in the county newspapers and presented to the schools. The articles appearing in November and December were: "North Carolina Charters 1578-1629," "Charter to the Lords Proprietors of Carolina," "Carolina Through the Eyes of John Lederer, Explorer, 1670," and "Early Facts About About Surry County," by J. S. Atkinson, committee member. UNION COUNTY— MISS CLARA LANEY, MONROE, REPRESENTATIVE. November 9, Monroe. Miss Connie Home spoke on the Carolina Charters of 1663 and 1665 and the subsequent government of North Carolina at a meeting of the Caro- linas' Genealogical Society. District IV— Mrs. G. W. Cover, Andrews, Chief. AVERY COUNTY. July 13 & 14, Grandfather Mountain. The annual Highland Games honored the Tercentenary with an article in its souvenir program on the Charter and the Scots immigra- tion into Carolina. BUNCOMBE COUNTY— COL. PAUL A. ROCKWELL, ASHEVILLE, REP- RESENTATIVE. March 15, Asheville. A program in tribute to the Tercen- tenary was given at the Fannie Patton Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy. April 30-May 2, Asheville. The annual convention of the North Carolina Federation of Women's Clubs included presentation of "Old North State," a pageant written by Mrs. J. S. Evans, Jr., and presented by the Statesville Club 52 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission and the Junior Service League. Ladies wore colonial cos- tumes at the first evening meeting. BURKE COUNTY— W. HAROLD MITCHELL, VALDESE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. February, Valdese. The Norman Cordon Music Club dedi- cated its monthly program to music of the colonial period. February 27, Valdese. The Valdese Music Club celebrated the Tercentenary with its annual February Parade of Music. CALDWELL COUNTY— MRS. W. E. ALEXANDER, LENOIR, REPRE- SENTATIVE. April 18, Lenoir. Citizens donated plantings to beautify a section of the town and to commemorate the Carolina Charter of 1663. A joint dedication ceremony was con- ducted by town and club officials. May 10, Lenoir. Songs and information about the Tercen- tenary were presented by the Davenport Junior High School Girls Chorus in a radio program. The County Historical Society initiated plans to open a relics museum. CHEROKEE COUNTY— JOE RAY, MURPHY, REPRESENTATIVE. May 10, Murphy. A Declamation Contest was held in the Murphy High School. Thirteen boys participated. The three first-place winners were given free passes to the Murphy Swimming Pool for the 1963 season. All partici- pants were awarded a plate block of four Carolina Char- ter commemorative stamps and a letter of commendation. September 2-7, Murphy. The Nantahala Regional Library mounted a Tercentenary display at the Cherokee County Fair. A display was arranged in the Murphy Carnegie Library. The theme was "An Evening in Colonial North Carolina" and was maintained for four months. Many citizens volun- tarily loaned centuries-old artifacts. An essay contest was held in the Elementary School. Local Commemorative Observances 53 GRAHAM COUNTY— JAMES STANLEY, ROBBINSVILLE, REPRESEN- TATIVE. December 3 (1962) , Robbinsville. A joint resolution recog- nizing the Tercentenary was adopted by the Board of County Commissioners and the Board of Education. HENDERSON COUNTY— MRS. P. F. PATTON, HENDERSONVILLE, REPRESENTATIVE. July 4, Hendersonville. The annual Fabulous Fourth Parade was followed by a formal program including a speech on the Carolina Charter. August 11, Flat Rock. A special adaptation of "The Red Shoes" was dedicated to the Tercentenary by the Flat Rock Playhouse. Originally set in Denmark, the play was transposed to the early North Carolina secene. MACON COUNTY— MRS. H. C. BUECK, FRANKLIN, REPRESENTATIVE. Educational and publicity material was distributed to schools and through the Chamber of Commerce tourists' booth. A feature article on the history of Macon County appeared in the local press and radio program of colonial music was presented. MCDOWELL COUNTY— MRS. ROBERT W. PROCTOR, MARION, REPRE- SENTATIVE. February, Marion. The second of two programs on the Carolina Charter was conducted by Mr. Hugh Beam for the Historical Society. MITCHELL COUNTY— J. P. DEYTON, SPRUCE PINE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. May 20, Bakersville. The eighth grade of Bowman Elemen- tary School presented a historical pageant, "A State is Born," to the school. June 22, Roan Mountain. Dr. Henry W. Jordan addressed participants in the annual Rhododendron Festival. July 31, Spruce Pine. Dr. Jasper L. Stuckey, State Geologist, presented the evening program for the Tercentenary at the annual Mineral and Gem Festival. 54 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission RUTHERFORD COUNTY— GLENN JAMES, SPINDALE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. February, Spindale. Programs were presented at the TRI- community Woman's Club and the Daughters of the American Revolution. An exhibit displaying the Caro- lina Charter and antiques was prepared by the Avondale- Henrietta School for the auditorium of the school during the last week of the month. March, Spindale. Eighth-graders in the Spindale school compiled a report on the history of Spindale. It was pre- sented to local clubs and published in the Spindale Sun. June 1, Chase High School. Commencement speaker, Brenda Beatty, spoke on "Heritage" at the graduation exercises. June 1, Forest City. Mrs. Amos C. Duncan held open house with displays of historical documents after a tour of the eastern section of the county. June 3-8, Cliffside and Rutherfordton. Libraries of the towns exhibited antique items and held open house during the week in honor of the Tercentenary. TRANSYLVANIA COUNTY— MRS. RALPH H. RAMSEY, JR., BREVARD, REPRESENTATIVE. November 1 (1962), Brevard. The Brevard Music Club and the American Association of University Women sponsored a joint community program of folk music. March 1-25, Brevard. Chapel programs given at Brevard Col- lege and Brevard High School. A community program on March 25 was presented by Brevard College. Dr. Hugh T. Lefler, Kenan Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, was the speaker. Mrs. Dave Harris gave a program to the Brevard Wednesday Book Club; Mrs. Ramsey addressed the same club in September, 1963, on Colonial Agriculture and Industry. The program of the Waight Still Avery Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution was devoted to the Carolina Charter. Miss Jean Childers presented radio talks on Colonial cooking and gardens. Similiar programs were presented by Mr. James E. David, County Farm Agent. Local Commemorative Observances 55 WAGON TREK FROM FERGUSON TO BOONE Some 200 persons participated in this three-day march commemorating the first crossing of the Blue Ridge Mountains by Daniel Boone. G. D. Barnett of Boone, wagon master, is seen at the head of the column. 56 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission July 26-27, Brevard College. At the joint summer meeting of the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association and the Western North Carolina Historical Association, Mr. Robert C. Page, III gave a progress report on the work of the Charter Commission. WATAUGA COUNTY— DR. D. J. WHITENER, BOONE, REPRESENTA- TIVE. June 27-29, Boone and vicinity. A three-day wagon-train trek followed the original route of "Daniel Boone's Crossing of the Blue Ridge," in connection with the open- ing of the outdoor drama, "Horn in the West." The three- day celebration was co-ordinated by Herman J. Wilcox. Night camps by the wagon train were at Cook's Gap and Darby with an address by Dr. Christopher Crittenden, Director of the State Department of Archives and History, highlighting the second night's activities. A parade through Boone was followed by a Tercentenary com- memoration at the Appalachian State College Stadium with the principal address by Secretary of Commerce Luther Hodges. Dr. Frank P. Graham, Chairman of the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission (federal), addressed a special luncheon. Her Majesty, the Queen of England's Minister, Mr. Dennis A. Greenhill, spoke on the Charter in a prologue to the opening of the drama on Saturday evening. November 14, Boone. Dr. Martin Mailman, composer-in- residence at East Carolina College, conducted the Appa- lachian Concert Band and Chorus in a performance of his composition, "Leaves of Grass," dedicated to the Ter- centenary. WILKES COUNTY— MRS. EDD F. GARDNER, NORTH WILKESBORO, REPRESENTATIVE. January 21, Wilkesboro. Wilkes County Historical Society featured the Tercentenary. February 21, North Wilkesboro. Wilkes County Board of Commissioners passed a resolution urging observance of the anniversary. Local Commemorative Observances 57 At the February meeting of the Ministerial Association of Wilkes County, the ministers were asked to include the Carolina Charter appropriately in services on March 24. In North Wilkesboro's First Methodist Church such a service was conducted which included a specially written anthem, "A Heritage Strong," written by choir director H. Grady Reagan. To encourage participation by students in the Charter Com- mission's Essay Contest, eight leaders of Wilkes County visited 26 schools to speak on North Carolina's colonial history. Five hundred copies of a condensed version of an address by Justice R. Hunt Parker of the Supreme Court of North Carolina on the Carolina Charter were distributed throughout the county. Speakers for the Tercentenary were secured for the following meetings: March 15-Civitan Club, Kiwanis Club, Lions Club; March 12-Wilkesboro Woman's Club; March 19- North Wilkesboro Woman's Club, North Wilkesboro Junior Woman's Club; March 26-Optimist Club, Wilkes- boro Business and Professional Men' Club. A display was maintained at the County Library. Radio programs were presented during March over Station WKBC and special recognition was given the Journal- Patriot for its coverage of the activities. YANCEY COUNTY— MRS. ERNEST BRIGGS, BURNSVILLE, REPRESEN- TATIVE. In order to develop an appropriate Tercentenary observance, the Yancey County Historical Association was organized, with the County Tercentenary Committee as a nucleus. Early in 1963, the County Commissioners passed a resolu- tion encouraging participation in the programs. May 9, Burnsville. The theme of Burnsville Woman's Club program was "Heritage." Mrs. Briggs, dressed in colon- ial costume, presented the program. July 11-13, Burnsville. The Parkway Players presented "The Prince of Pathia," the first play written and produced in the colonies. Four other productions were dedicated to the Tercentenary. 58 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission August, 6-10, Burnsville. The Seventh Annual Folk Arts and Crafts Festival featured Club women and Girl Scouts in colonial costume. March 24 Yancey County's 100-year old church observed The 300th birthday with the pastor in the costume of the "circuit rider." District V— William C. Gretter, Jr., Louisburg, Chief. DURHAM COUNTY— WYATT T. DIXON, DURHAM, REPRESENTATIVE. March 26, 1962. Mr. Robert C. Page, III of the Charter Com- mission, spoke to the Tobaccoland Kiwanis Club. February 6, Durham, Gen. John D. F. Phillips, Executive- Secretary of the Charter Commission, addressed the Gen- eral Davie Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. EDGECOMBE COUNTY— MRS. PEMBROKE NASH, TARBORO, REPRE- SENTATIVE. February, Tarboro. Tercentenary proclamation was passed by the County Commisisoners and published by The Southerner. March 24, Tarboro. Dr. Frank Coventry, Rector of the Church of St. Mary-le-Bone, London, England, was the guest preacher at service at the Calvary Episcopal Church. A "Charter Oak" was planted in the Town Common by the Edgecombe Garden Clubs. March 24-29, Tarboro. Collections of silver, china, clothing and artifacts were exhibited in display windows of three stores. Tercentenary placards were distributed. A memorial fund to be used for purchase of the new edition of Colonial Records was established. Special shelves were designated in libraries for Edgecombe and North Carolina history. To county students who participated in the Charter Com- mission's Essay Contest, four savings bonds, totalling $150, were awarded in the city and county's eighth and eleventh grades. Facsimiles of the Carolina Charter of 1663 were presented to County School Libraries. About 15,000 place- Local Commemorative Observances 59 mats, depicting principal historical events from 1663-1763, were distributed in the county. Speeches on Tercentenary themes were made at the Rotary Club, the Colonial Dames of Wilson-Edgecombe, Kiwanis Club, the Colonial Dames of XVII Century (Rocky Mount) , Rocky Mount Woman's Club, Conetoe High School, and the Magazine Club. FRANKLIN COUNTY— MRS. RICHARD C. WHITFIELD, FRANKLINTON, REPRESENTATIVE. Mrs. Whitfield spoke to the Franklinton Lions Club and the Franklinton Woman's Club. Pamphlets published by the Charter Commission were placed on display in the eighth grade classrooms. GRANVILLE COUNTY— MRS. EDITH F. CANNADY, OXFORD, REPRE- SENTATIVE. February, Oxford. A Carolina Charter program was pre- sented at the Tuesday Study Club. November 6, Butner. Miss Julia Ribet sang folk songs for the Butner Club Fair. November 19, Oxford. In a formal program at the court- house, Mr. Dan Paul, Commission member, delivered the principal address. Messrs. Sam Ragan and Thad Stem, Jr., winners of the Charter Commission's Literary Compe- tition, read their winning poem, "In the Beginning." Folk songs, sacred music and dances of the colonial period were also presented at programs during the week. Granville County Library displayed pertinent North Caro- lina books. HALIFAX COUNTY— MRS. HORACE P. ROBINSON, LITTLETON, REP- RESENTATIVE. January 30-March 5, Halifax. Mrs. Robinson addressed stu- dents of the Aurelian Springs High School, the Garden Club, the PTA and the Lions Club. April 12, Halifax. The annual celebration of Halifax Day included the dedication of Dutch Colonial House, lunch- eon, parade, and an address by Dr. Henry W. Jordan from the courthouse steps on the Halifax Resolves and the 60 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Carolina Charter. Mr. Ray Wilkinson directed the com- bined celebration as President of the Historic Halifax Restoration Association. October 21, Weldon. Mrs. Wiley Ellis spoke to the local Book Club. October 28-31, Roanoke Rapids. Visit of the Mobile Mu- seum of History was sponsored by the Junior Woman's Club. JOHNSTON COUNTY— PETER T. HULTH, JR., SMITHFIELD, REPRE- SENTATIVE. December 3, Smithfield. Resolution passed by the County Commissioners urging observance of the Tercentenary. March 13, Clayton. Miss Julia Ribet, The Charter Commis- sion's Administrative Assistant, spoke to the Clayton Woman's Club. April 19, Smithfield. Miss Julia Ribet addressed the local Lions Club. NASH COUNTY— I. S. INSCOE, NASHVILLE, REPRESENTATIVE. May 3, Rocky Mount. The local chapter of the American Institute of Banking used the Tercentenary as the theme for its annual banquet. May 4, Rocky Mount. Professor William Carrington Gretter, Jr., of Louisburg College, addressed the annual meeting of the North Carolina Society of Colonial Dames. September 17, Rocky Mount. Hon. Francis E. Winslow, Chairman of the Charter Commission, spoke to the 20th Century Club. September, Rocky Mount. In the last week of the month, Mr. Ray Wilkinson addressed the Worth While Study Club on Historic Halifax Restoration and the Tercen- tenary. October 22, Rocky Mount. Miss Julia Ribet appeared be- fore the Caswell-Nash Chapter meeting of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Local Commemorative Observances 61 VANCE COUNTY— ROBERT G. KITTRELL, JR.,, HENDERSON, REPRE- SENTATIVE. January 16, Henderson. Mr. J. C. Cooper addressed the West-End PTA. January 23, Henderson. Honorable Francis E. Winslow, Chairman of the Charter Commission, spoke to the local chapter of the Colonial Dames. February 2., Henderson. Gen. John D. F. Phillips, Execu- tive-Secretary of the Charter Commisison, addressed the E. M. Rollins PTA. March, Henderson. The Citizens Bank and Trust Company displayed colonial documents, silver, and watches. October 13, Williamsboro. A service was conducted by the Rt. Rev. Richard H. Baker employing the Book of Com- mon Prayer used in colonial North Carolina. October, Henderson. Fifth-graders of E. M. Rollins School visited the Tercentenary program being presented at the Morehead Planetarium, Chapel Hill. October 17, Henderson. Mr. J. C. Cooper spoke to the Sorosis Club. Local literary clubs provided prizes for county participants in the Charter Commission's Essay Contest. Recognition was given the Tercentenary at memorial serv- ices at the Kittrell Cemetery by the U.D.C. WAKE COUNTY— COL. GODFREY CHESHIRE, RALEIGH, REPRESEN- TATIVE. Various dates in 1962 and 1963, Raleigh. Robert C. Page, III of the Charter Commission staff addressed the Page Book Club, the Social Studies Club of Josephus Daniels Junior High School, Raleigh Public Relations Society, and the Zebulon Rotary Club. Various date in 1963, Raleigh. Miss Julia Ribet of the Char- ter Commission staff spoke to the Lions Club, Pilot Club the Garner PTA. April 4, Raleigh. The county committee sponsored recep- tion at the State Museum of Art during the opening of the Tercentenary Exhibition. 62 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission September 25, Raleigh. Mr. Dan Paul spoke at a luncheon for the wives of the Agriculture Chiefs of the county. His topic was the Tercentenary and sketches of the Wives of the Proprietors. October 1, Cary. The Garden Club planted a commemora- tive tree with appropriate ceremonies. October 1, Raleigh. A pageant "Old North State," by mem- bers of the Raleigh Junior Woman's Club was presented at a meeting of the group. October 8, Raleigh. General John D. F. Phillips, Executive- Secretary of the Charter Commission, spoke to the Polk Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. St. Mary's Junior College, Raleigh, presented three events in honor of the Tercentenary. History, drama, music and sociology students participated. WARREN COUNTY— HON. W. LUNSFORD LONG, WARRENTON, REP- RESENTATIVE. Manly Wade Wellman wrote a historical novel, Settlement on Shocco, Adventures in Colonial Carolina, at the sugges- tion of Mr. Long. WILSON COUNTY— MRS. C. L. BLACKBURN, WILSON, REPRESENTA- TIVE. July 12, 1962, Wilson. A bibliography was compiled and submitted to the Charter Commission for publication and distribution. Local study clubs devoted the entire year to the Carolina Charter and period from 1663-1763. Packets of Charter Commission publications were distributed to teachers and librarians in the county. Three programs were presented to the local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Throughout 1963, Tercentenary displays were maintained in the county's libraries. CHAPTER VIII Financing the Tercentenary Programs As has been stated, the legislation establishing the Com- mission in 1959 authorized the use of the Contingency and Emergency Eund for the group's initial organization and planning activities. Accordingly, a grant of $9,330 was pro- vided the Commission for its needs in the fiscal year end- ing June 30, 1960. Only part of this amount was expended, however, due to the delay in recruiting a staff for the Com- mission and initiation of activity. At the outset of fiscal year 1961, therefore, a request was submitted to the Council of State for a new gTant from the Contingency and Emergency Fund in the amount of $21,200. This request was approved and the development of outline plans for the major activi- ties of the Tercentenary was continued. The last six months of 1960 were devoted to this work and to the preparation of a budget to support planned projects. During this period it was decided to limit, insofar as pos- sible, requests to the General Assembly for funds for Ter- centenary activities to those required for projects having educational value. The Commission agreed that other sources would be sought for funds for projects in the fields of enter- tainment and recreation. A budget request for fiscal years 1962 and 1963, therefore, totaling $194,990, was submitted to the 1961 General Assembly. Of the amount requested, ap- proximately $106,000 or 54 per cent was earmarked for the support of Tercentenary programs. The balance was re- quired to maintain an office and a staff of approximately ten persons, half of whom were assigned to the Colonial Records project. Table 1, on next page, reflects the appropriations of State funds to the Commission during fiscal year 1960 and the subsequent period ending December 31, 1963, as well as the expenditures of these funds. Table 2, which follows, indicates the breakdown of the expenditures among the major projects which required financing from State funds. 64 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Oh X CO W w qj >l ho Ek -a 3 pq T3 "a CM X to w >" (L> Ph be ^ 3 pq T3 "a, i— 1 X W r— I OO ^h a s c/5 CM i— I r-H !>. I— I t~~ OO ■— i (U X CM i— I c 2 X "" w W3 OO fH OO i— I I— I ^ OI ~+ — I CM CM i— I .— i OO i— ( — I <u be CI C4 to CO u h t, 5P o ™ rt ?< o CL, c X w > to i^. i— i i— i i— I OO i— I OO OO OO ctT CM i— i O OO i—i 00 "3 C cti m o CO TjH O OO I °° Gfi u * pq G 03 nl .S I) p4 a x c « C x •- B >* Financing the Tercentenary Programs 65 ANALYSIS OF EXPENDITURES OF COMMISSION FUNDS Project FY 1960 FY 1961 FY 1962 FY 1963 FY 1964 FY 60-64 Salaries $1,187 $10,392 $29,551 $39,828 $26,127 $107,085 Travel Expenses 775 2,519 3,698 3,437 1,733 12,162 Supplies, Equipt. Maint. 3,340 2,222 4,042 1,527 366 11,497 Postage, Tel., Transport. 100 1,284 1,126 2,400 1,192 6,102 Printing 64 1,923 2,350 7,791 1,383 13,511 Total Administrative Costs 5,466 18,340 40,767 54,983 30,801 150,357 Program Costs: Schools, Coll. & Univ. 2,000 34,589 16,058 52,647 Colonial Records 26,119 1,756 27,875 Awards 1,500 1,500 Art Exhibit 15,000 15,000 Souvenirs 2,856 2,177 5,033 Miscellaneous 48 702 3,244 810 6,804 Total Program Costs 2,048 702 81,808 22,301 106,859 Grand Totals $5,466 $20,388 $41,469 $136,791 $53,102 $257,216 TABLE 2 These activities are included in the list .which follows, of the more important projects considered by the Commis- sion during the early planning phase of its work. The list shows the amount of funds, if any, required for each item and an indication of the source of these funds. The decision to seek funds from private as well as public sources in order to finance Tercentenary activities, neces- sitated the appointment of a committee on ways and means. Such a group was organized under the co-chairmanship of Mr. James G. W. MacLamroc and Dr. Henry W. Jordan, and was assigned the task of raising funds from private individ- ual and corporate donors for Tercentenary purposes, in- cluding contributing to the cost of construction of the de- sired building for the State Department of Archives and 66 Thf. Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission History, should funds for it not be available from appro- priations by the General Assembly. For this reason the fund- raising body was designated as the Committee on Finance and Building;. PROJECTS PLANNED BY COMMISSION FOR TERCENTENARY Project Estimated Cost How Financed Arts Literary Competition with awards in fiction, non-fiction and poetry $ 3,000 Musical Compositions 10,000 Commemorative Events Celebrations at different times during 1963 in historic communities throughout the state including exhibits, memorial exercises pageants, parades, etc. Unknown Convention of General Assembly in Pasquotank County Unknown State Funds Private Contributions Local Sources General Assembly Programs in Schools, Colleges and Universities Campus activities including con- vocations, dramatic sketches, exhibits, founders' day exercises, musical programs, pageants, etc. Essay Contest History Pamphlets Mobile Museum Motion Picture Unknown Local Sources 1,000 State Funds 25,000 State Funds 50,000 Private Contributions 30,000 State Funds Scholarly Activities Initiation of republication of Colonial Records of North Carolina, including search for additional materials 30,000 Learned Society Meetings 1,000 Miscellaneous Commemorative Postage Stamp Medallions, Maps, Programs, Souvenirs, etc. State Funds Private Contributions nil 5,000 State Funds Financing the Tercentenary Programs 67 Summary Estimated cost of projects to be financed by public funds SI 06,000 Estimated cost of projects to be financed from private contributions 61,000 SI 67,000 Carolina Charter Corporation In order to provide an agency to receive, account for, and disburse funds generated by the Commission's Committee on Finance and Building, it was decided to organize a non- profit corporation under the laws of North Carolina. Such a corporation, known as the Carolina Charter Corporation, was established with the mission of soliciting funds from appropriate nongovernment sources for the support of the Commission's work, acquiring and disposing of property in its behalf, and generally serving as its business agent. Mem- bership in the Corporation was limited to those persons serving as members of the Commission. The members of the Commission's Executive Committee were elected direc- tors of the Corporation. The Executive Secretary of the Commission was appointed Secretary-Treasurer of the Cor- poration. Rulings were requested and obtained from federal and State revenue agencies exempting the Corporation from the payment of income taxes and permitting the deduction for tax purposes by donors of contributions made to it. Fund-raising efforts were begun in January, 1961, and by the conclusion of the Tercentenary sums totaling $32,475 had been received or pledged, in addition to the presentation of the Mobile Museum of History, which, with its tractor, represented a donation of $42,500. These contributions were supplemented by additional cash payments solicited for the support of Tercentenary programs by the North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission (federal commission). The latter contributions to December 31, 1963, totaled $4,928.27. The aggregate of the foregoing contributions was aug- mented by other receipts, including those from the sale of 68 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission souvenir items and publications. Funds from these sources totaled more than $6,000 by the end of the Tercentenary, thus bringing the total receipts of the Corporation in kind, cash and pledges to an amount in excess of $85,000. Details of the financial position of the corporation are shown in an annex to this report. The resources of the Corporation were sufficient to per- mit financing all the approved projects of the Commission, including an allocation of $20,000 in cash and pledges for the support of the Colonial Records Project. However, this en- dowment is only a fraction of the amount required for that work, as was indicated in an earlier section of this report. Consequently, it was decided to continue the Corporation in existence after the termination of the Tercentenary in order to permit the generation of additional funds for the Colonial Records Project. CHAPTER IX Miscellaneous Symbol for the Carolina Charter Tercentenary In order to enhance public awareness of the Tercentenary, a Stymbol was designed for wide dissemination. In the design careful attention was given to simplicity, meaningfulness, and directness for maximum impact, ready recognition, and retention potential. Based on the original seal of the eight Lords Proprietors of Carolina, this symbol had eight modified shields radiat- ing from a central core. Although similar to the original Pro- prietors' seal, the symbol was distinctly different, giving it an individuality and appeal of its own. Within the star-shaped core were the dates 1663-1963 which gave a time reference to the Tercentenary celebration. At the center of the symbol was an abstraction of the front view of the new State Legislative Building, completion and initial occupation of which in 1963 coincided with the year of the celebration. The abstraction contrasted the new against the old represented by the eight shields. Single color design permitted simple, fast reproduction of the symbol by any conventional process. It was easily en- larged or reduced for use on letterheads and envelopes, newspapers and other publications. "Tercentenary News" By late 1961 correspondence and other contacts with local civic and professional leaders desirous of participating in some capacity in the forthcoming Tercentenary became so voluminous that a periodic newsletter was required to deal with inquiries. A circular letter was addressed to several hundred correspondents throughout the State invit- ing suggestions for the content and title for a monthly news publication. Respondents also were afforded an opportunity to designate one or two additional persons who might be interested in receiving the newsletter. 70 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission (Obverse) (Reverse) CAROLINA CHARTER TERCENTENARY ABOVE— SEAL OF THE LORDS PROPRIETORS OF CAROLINA BELOW— SYMBOL OF THE CAROLINA CHARTER TERCENTENARY Miscellaneous 71 In December, 1961, Volume I, Number 1, of Tercenten- ary News was issued with a circulation of 1,000 copies. The final edition, Volume III, Number 1, dated December, 1963, had a circulation three times as large. The publication, which was suitably illustrated, contained announcements of the progress of planning and, later, of the actual events of the Tercentenary. An exchange of ideas and suggested pro- ects for consideration by local groups across the State were thus provided. Tercentenary News was mailed each month to several hundred out-of-state addressees, thus contributing to the spread of information about the Tercentenary to other parts of the country. The members of Congress from North Caro- lina were furnished monthly supplies of the publication for distribution to visitors to their offices. Other Public Information Activities In January, 1962, a program of preparation and distribu- tion of public information materials was begun under the immediate direction of Robert C. Page III, Public Informa- tion Officer for the Commission. A Committee on Public Information Activities was organized under the chairman- ship of Mr. Henry Belk of Goldsboro, distinguished editor and member of the Commission. The group included other representatives of the press as well as leaders in the radio and television fields. Their individual and collective counsel was invaluable in developing the Commission's publicity program. The tempo of the program was regulated so as to avoid saturating the public consciousness too far in advance of the actual Tercentenary without, however, neglecting announce- ments calculated to stimulate public interest and recogn- tion of the local planners. The issue of news releases to the daily and weekly press, and to radio and television outlets was gradually stepped up. During the two-year period over 142 such releases were issued. Numerous feature articles were prepared for news- papers, as well as for the trade and professional journals published in and out of the State. Spot announcements were 72 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Thinking big isn't new for North Carolina!^ King Charles II showed a lot of enthusiasm in 1663 when he drew a charter for the "Colony of Carolina." He cut a gigantic swath from the Atlantic to the Pacific — taking in all or parts of 17 present states. Today North Carolina is geographically smaller, but still retains a cross section of the seacoasts and plains and moun- tain playgrounds it always possessed. Also the State's products and opportunities have expanded in every direction . . . becoming No. 1 in textiles and tobacco and furniture and numerous other goods . . . producing a full gamut from Aircraft to Zippers, and recognized as the research center of the Southeast. Just as the "Colony of Carolina" began big, 300 years ago, North Carolina continues big. For a fascinating new book with over 100 illustrations showing the State's major historical attractions you can visit during the Tercentenary year in 1963, mail coupon today. ea norih cmoum VARIETY VACATIONLAND ADVERTISEMENT BY STATE DEPARTMENT OF CONSERVATION AND DEVELOPMENT Published in numerous nationally circulated newspapers and maga- zines Miscellaneous 73 prepared for radio and television stations, the latter being supplied with slides embodying the Tercentenary symbol for display during the announcement. Virtually all publicity accorded the Tercentenary was favorable; at times it was especially complimentary as, for example, during the period of the original issue of the Com- memorative Stamp. Television coverage of local commem- orative observances was consistent and accurate. Especially thorough was the treatment of certain major events of the Tercentenary. These included the first-day-of-issue cere- monies for the Commemorative Stamp at Edenton, the Fore- fathers' Service at St. Thomas' Church in Bath, and the three-day observance of the Tercentenary in Boone. Tourist Activities Legislation establishing the Commission in 1959 recog- nized the potential of the Tercentenary as a stimulus to tourism, one of the State's leading industries. Accordingly, a Committee on Tourist Activities with Mr. Dan M. Paul of Raleioh member of the Commission, was organized. Measures such as incorporating Tercentenary information in automobile road maps, tourist advertising copy developed by the State's Travel Information Division, and locally pre- pared materials were used. These latter included decorative placemats in public eating places, signs erected in conspic- uous locations, souvenir items, store window displays, and the like. Special mention should be made of the attractive highway markers erected on roads throughout the State and especially on roads leading from neighboring states. These signs, designed and installed through the co-operation of Mr. Mer- rill Evans, Chairman of the State Highway Commission, and Mr. W. F. Babcock, Director of the Highway Department, incorporated the Tercentenary symbol and reminded motor- ists of the State's three hundredth anniversary. North Carolina Tercentenary Celebration Commission During the second session of the Eighty-Seventh Congress, legislation was introduced by members of North Carolina's 74 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission Congressional delegation authorizing the establishment of a federal commission to participate in the observance of the State's Tercentenary. Having passed both houses, the bill was signed into law by the late President John F. Kennedy, April 27, 1962. The act provided for the appointment of 15 members to a body designated as the North Carolina Ter- centenary Celebration Commission. Seven of the members, including the Chairman of the Federal Commission, were appointed by the President, four Senators were designated by the Vice-President, and four Representatives were selected by the Speaker of the House. The Honorable Frank P. Graham, distinguished North Carolinian and currently serv- ing as United Nations mediator for Kashmir, was appointed as Chairman. An organizational meeting of the Federal Commission was held in Washington, D. C, January 25, 1963, attended by Chairman Winslow of the State Commission, General Phil- lips and Miss Ribet. The members of the Federal Commis- sion were briefed by the representatives of the State Commis- sion in the nature and objectives of the latter's programs. As a result of the meeting the assistance of the members of the Federal Commission was obtained in a number of the State Commission's projects. Chief among these was securing the help of the Department of State in borrowing certain paintings from Great Britain for the Tercentenary Art Ex- hibit, and reinforcing the efforts of the State Commission in obtaining the Post Office Department's approval of the issue of the Commemorative Stamp. Another action taken by the chairman of the Federal Com- mission was the appointment of Senator B. Everett Jordan and Mr. Dwight Phillips of Charlotte as co-chairmen of a finance committee. As stated elsewhere in this report, this group had succeeded in raising contributions totaling $4,928.27 prior to the end of the Tercentenary. The Congressional members of the Federal Commission undertook to obtain additional Congressional recognition of the Tercentenary. Thus on March 25, 1963, Congressman Basil L. Whitener, Tenth North Carolina District, ob- tained an order of the day in the lower house for one hour Miscellaneous 75 during which other members of the North Carolina Con- gressional delegation, the Speaker, and the Minority Leader spoke to the subject. On April 9, 1963, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., addressed the Senate on the Tercentenary theme, and on April 22 Senator Ervin extended his remarks to insert the text of the Carolina Charter of 1663 in the Congressional Record. Materials for the foregoing purposes were prepared by the staff of the State Commission. The Carolina Charter Commemorative Stamp In June, 1961, at the recommendation of the Commission, Governor Terry Sanford addressed a request to Postmaster General J. Edward Day for the issue during 1963 of a post- age stamp in recognition of the Tercentenary. Despite the increased competition among requesting agencies through- out the country for commemorative postage stamps, oc- casioned by a decision by the Post Office Department to limit commemorative issues to 15 per annum beginning in 1963, the North Carolina request was approved in Decem- ber, 1962. The Commission was asked by the Postmaster General's office to designate a place of first-day issue for the stamp. Careful consideration was given by the Commission to the qualifications of several of the oldest communities of the State as a result of which Edenton was recommended to the Post Office Department for the honor. The Commission's decision was based upon the fact that at the time of the extension of official Colonial postal service to North Caro- lina in April, 1738, by His Majesty's Postmaster General's deputy for the American Colonies, Edenton was the Colony's seat of government and was designated by the British deputy postmaster general as the southern terminus of the postal route. The Commemorative Stamp was a five-cent horizontal which reproduced the first page of the Carolina Charter of 1663 in light brown, simulating parchment, against a back- ground of red velvet. Inset was "Carolina Charter 1663- 1963" in dark brown lettering of the type used in the orig- inal document. At the right foreground was shown a quill 76 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission COMMEMORATIVE POSTAGE STAMP Reproduction of the stamp issued April 6 at Edenton in honor of the Tercentenary. Total number of these stamps sold by the Edenton post office on the first day of issue was 667,033. (Photo by Madlin Futrell) Miscellaneous 77 pen; at the bottom right of the illustration "U. S. Postage" in lower case type was shown. The denomination appeared at bottom left. The stamp's dimensions were .84 x 1.44 inches. Issued in panes of fifty, the initial printing was 120,000,000. The first-day-of-issue ceremonies took place in the audi- torium of the Edenton Elementary School on April 6, 1963, with the Honorable John A. Mitchener, Jr., Mayor of the Town of Edenton, presiding. The distinguished guests seated on the platform at the exercises included Postmaster General J. Edward Day, Senator B. Everett Jordan, Con- gressmen Herbert C. Bonner and Charles R. Jonas, the Hon- orable John Gilliam Wood, representing Governor Sanford, Commission Chairman Francis E. Winslow and Mrs. Ernest L. Ives, a member of the Commission. Approximately one thousand persons attended the audi- torium ceremonies which were s^iven wide television cover- age. CHAPTER X Acknowledgments Special mention should be made of opportunities to pre- sent the Tercentenary to large groups of people assembled at fairs. Two of these, in particular, offered excellent oc- casions for this purpose: the North Carolina Trade Fair conducted in Charlotte April 29-May 4, and the State Fair held in Raleigh during the week of October 14. Through the co-operation of Mr. Ted Davis of the State Department of Conservation and Development, a booth was provided for a Tercentenary display at the Charlotte exhibit. In the case of the State Fair, similar facilities were put at the Commission's disposal through the courtesy of the Honor- able L. Y. Ballentine, Commissioner of the State Department of Agriculture. The Tercentenary displays at both these activities attracted tens of thousands of visitors who were given the free literature of the Commission. Many purchased Tercentenary publications and souvenir items. The support of the two State agencies cited above was paralleled by that of other official, semiofficial, and private civic and historical groups. Mention was made earlier in this report of the contributions of the State Highway Depart- ment. The Commission is also grateful to the State Depart- ment of Public Instruction and to Dr. Charles F. Carroll, State Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex officio mem- ber of the Commission, for the co-operation and support pro- vided, especially in the distribution of publications and con- duct of the Essay Contest. To the State Department of Archives and History and its Director, Dr. Christopher Crittenden, an ex officio mem- ber of the Commission, must go the major appreciation of the Commission. This was the State agency which drafted the authorizing legislation for the Commission, secured its early financial support, and furnished indispensable adminis- trative assistance throughout the Commission's life. The role of the State Department of Archives and History, Acknowledgements 79 and of its semiofficial affiliate, the North Carolina Literary and Historical Association, in sponsoring and co-ordinating the activities of Culture Week is well known to North Carolinians. This relationship stimulated the interest in the Tercentenary and co-operation of the Culture Week groups during their 1962 and 1963 meetings. Many tributes were paid at this time to the Commission for its work by the aforementioned Literary and Historical Association which, it should be noted, as early as 1958 petitioned the State De- partment of Archives and History to sponsor the enabling legislation for the Tercentenary. Similar recognition was accorded the Tercentenary by the North Carolina Folklore Society, Dr. Arthur Palmer Hudson, Secretary; the North Carolina Society for the Preservation of Antiquities, Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr., President; the North Carolina State Art Society, Dr. Joseph C. Sloane, President; and the North Carolina Association of County and Local Historians, Dr. Blackwell P. Robinson, President. The support accorded the Commission by patriotic and civic groups was too extensive to detail in this summary re- port. Nevertheless, a few of the women's patriotic organi- zations may be cited as representative of the many which furthered the Tercentenary programs: the North Carolina branches of Colonial Dames of America, Colonial Dames of the XVII Century, Daughters of the American Revolution, Daughters of the Revolution, and United Daughters of the Confederacy. Finally, also in the distaff department, the very special thanks of the Commission is extended to the North Caro- lina Federation of Women's Clubs. This organization, under the intelligent, constructive and efficient leadership of its President, Mrs. James M. Harper, Jr., and its officers and chairmen, contributed significantly to the support of the Tercentenary throughout the State. 80 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission APPENDIX I COMMITTEES OF THE CAROLINA CHARTER TERCENTENARY COMMISSION COMMITTEE ON THE ARTS Mrs. J. O. Tally, Jr. Fayetteville Chairman Mrs. L. Y. Ballentine Raleigh Dr. Earl E. Beach Greenville Mrs. Doris Betts Sanford Dr. Justus Bier Raleigh Dr. John T. Caldwell Raleigh Prof. J. D. Clark Raleigh Mrs. Harold G. Deal Hickory William C. Fields Fayetteville Foster Fitz-Simons Chapel Hill Mrs. A. M. Fountain Raleigh Mrs. Bettie Sue Gardner Reidsville Mrs. Bernice Kelly Harris Seaboard Claude F. Howell Wilmington Dr. Arthur Palmer Hudson Chapel Hill William L. Hunt Chapel Hill Mrs. Ernest L. Ives Southern Pines John R. Lehman Raleigh Bascom Lamar Lunsford Leicester Henry Jay MacMillan Wilmington Mrs. Floyd Mehan High Point Ovid Pierce Greenville Mrs. Richardson Preyer Greensboro Dr. Lee Rigsby Greensboro Dr. Joseph Sloane Chapel Hill Charles Stanford Raleigh Dr. Benjamin Swalin Chapel Hill Howard White Burlington Ben F. Williams Raleigh Appendix I 81 COMMITTEE ON COMMEMORATIVE EVENTS Mrs. Harry McMulIan Washington Chairman Hon. J. V. Whitfield Wallace Vice-Chairman R. V. Asbury, Jr. Wilmington Henry Belk Goldsboro Hon. W. H. S. Burgwyn Woodland Miss Gertrude S. Carraway New Bern Mrs. Everett L. Durham Burgaw Capt. Nathaniel S. Fulford Hertford Edmund Harding Washington Grayson Harding Edenton Mr. & Mrs. James M. Harper, Jr. South port Hon. John R. Jordan Raleigh Mrs. Kauno Lehto Wilmington Mrs. E. R. MacKethan Fayetteville Dr. Herbert R. Paschal, Jr. Greenville Dan M. Paul Raleigh Mrs. Ralph Reeves, Jr. Raleigh Mrs. Charles Lee Smith Raleigh Stanley South Wilmington J. P. Str other Kinston Richard Walser Raleigh Walter Wootten Burlington COUNTY REPRESENTATIVES (Listed alphabetically by county in Districts) DISTRICT I L. S. Blades, Jr. Elizabeth City Chief Bertie James E. Tyler Roxobel Camden Jesse F. Pugh Old Trap Chowan David Warren Edenton Currituck Wilton Walker, Jr. Currituck Dare Aycock Brown Manteo Gates A. Pilston Godwin Gatesville Hertford I. P. Davis Winton Martin Elbert S. Peel Williamston Pasquotank Potter Dixon Elizabeth City Perquimans Mrs. Emmett Winslow Hertford Tyrrell Mrs. C. Earl Cohoon Columbia Washington Mrs. Sidney Ward, Sr. Plymouth 82 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission County Representatives (contd.) DISTRICT II Hon. J. V. Whitfield Wallace Chief Beaufort Mrs. Henry R. Swartzell Washington Bladen Mrs. E. F. McCulloch Elizabethtown Brunswick Mrs. M. Henderson Rourk Shallotte Carteret F. C. Salisbury Morehead City Columbus Mrs. Leslie Thompson Whiteville Craven W. L. Flowers New Bern Duplin Faison W. McGowen Kenansville Greene Mrs. George W. Edwards Snow Hill Harnett Miss Lois Byrd Sanford Hoke Mrs. T. B. Upchurch Raeford Hyde Mr. O. L. Williams Swan Quarter Jones Mrs. John Hargett Trenton Lee Miss Lois Byrd Sanford Lenoir Mrs. J. A. Jones Kinston Moore George R. Ross Jackson Springs New Hanover William G. Broadfoot, Jr. Wilmington Onslow Rev. Tucker Littleton Swansboro Pender Mrs. Roy Rowe Burgaw Pitt Miss Tabidia M. DeVisconti Farmville Richmond I. S. London Rockingham Robeson Mrs. W. Scott Shepherd Lumberton Sampson Mrs. Taft Bass Clinton Scotland Sam T. Snowdon, Jr. Laurinburg Wayne Henson P. Barnes Goldsboro Appendix I 83 County Representatives (contd.) DISTRICT III Dr. Henry W. Jordan Cedar Falls Chief Alamance George D. Colclough Burlington Anson Mrs. W. J. Gulledge Wadesboro Lincoln Frank Hull Crowell Lincolnton Mecklenburg Phillip N. Alexander Charlotte Catawba Dr. J. E. Hodges Maiden City of Charlotte James A. Stenhouse Charlotte Davidson Col. Wade H. Phillips Lexington Davie Gordon Tomlinson Mocksville Forsyth Archibald Craige Winston-Salem Guilford Carl F. Cannon, Jr. Greensboro Iredell J. C. Steele, Jr. Statesville Montgomery Lenue T. James Troy Randolph Dr. Henry W. Jordan Cedar Falls Rockingham Mrs. S. R. Prince Reidsville Rowan James S. Brawley Salisbury Stokes Hon. Grace Taylor Rodenbough Walnut Cove Surry W. Frank Carter, Jr. Mount Airy Union Miss Clara Laney Monroe 84 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission County Representatives (Contd.) DISTRICT IV Mrs. G. W. Cover Andrews Chief Ashe Thomas S. Johnston Jefferson Buncombe Col. Paul Rockwell Asheville Burke W. Harold Mitchell Valdese Caldwell Mrs. W. E. Alexander Lenoir Cherokee Joe Rae Murphy Clay William C. Carter Hayesville Graham James Stanley Robbinsville Haywood W. L. Barkby Canton Henderson Mrs. P. F. Patton Hendersonville Jackson Dr. W. E. Bird Cullowhee Macon Mrs. H. C. Bueck Franklin McDowell Mrs. Robert Proctor Marion Mitchell J. P. Deyton Spruce Pine Rutherford Glenn James Spindale Swain Dr. Kelly E. Bennett Bryson City Transylvania Mrs. Ralph H. Ramsey, Jr. Brevard Watauga Dr. D. J. Whitener Boone Wilkes Mrs. Edd F. Gardner North Wilkesboro Yancey Mrs. Ernest Briggs Burnsville Appendix I 85 County Representatives (Contd.) DISTRICT V William Carrington Gretter, Jr. Louisburg Chief Edgecombe Mrs. Pembroke Nash Tarboro Franklin Mrs. Richard Whitfield Franklinton Granville Mrs. Edith F. Cannady Oxford Halifax Mrs. Horace P. Robinson Littleton Johnston Peter T. Hulth, Jr. Smithfield Nash I. S. Inscore Nashville Northampton Mrs. Nancy Froelich Jackson Vance Robert G. Kittrell, Jr. Henderson Warren Hon. W. Lunsford Long Warrenton Wilson Mrs. C. L. Blackburn Wilson COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND BUILDING James G. W. MacLamroc Greensboro Co-chairman Dr. Henry W. Jordan Cedar Falls Co-chairman Hon. Irwin Belk Charlotte L. S. Blades, Jr. Elizabeth City Mrs. E. M. Cameron Durham George V. Cecil Biltmore Archibald Craige Winston-Salem Sen. Claude Currie Durham Geo. P. Geoghegan, Jr. Raleigh Mrs. Quentin Gregory Halifax John Harden Greensboro Hon. S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe J. L. Home Rocky Mount McDaniel Lewis Greensboro Dr. E. Charles Powell Goldsboro Ralph C. Price Greensboro Miss Gertrude Weil Goldsboro 86 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission COMMITTEE ON PROGRAMS IN SCHOOLS, COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES Dr. Chalmers G. Davidson Davidson Co-chairman Dr. Paul Murray Greenville Co-chairman Miss Tyrtle Brock Trenton Miss Lois Byrd Sanford H. H. Clark Elizabethtown Miles S. Clark Elizabeth City Dr. John S. Clayton Chapel Hill Dr. H. H. Cunningham Elon College Mrs. Bobbye Dean Winston-Salem Miss Tabitha M. DeVisconti Farmville Dr. D. B. Dougherty Boone Mrs. Fred B. Drane Edenton Miss Lois Edinger Greensboro Malcolm Fowler Lillington Dr. I. G. Greer Chapel Hill Hon. S. Glenn Hawfield Monroe Mrs. Rebecca Hester High Point Mrs. Ida Jenkins Greensboro Homer Lassiter Raleigh Mrs. P. P. McCain Wilson Mrs. Helen P. Miller Greensboro Donald Morrow Raleigh Hon. R. A. Nunn New Bern Miss Inez Page Durham Miss Iola Parker Chapel Hill Miss Louise Puckett Charlotte William Y. Richardson Salisbury Col. Paul A. Rockwell Asheville William P. Saunders Southern Pines Miss Betty Smith Raleigh Dr. Robert H. Spiro, Jr. Macon, Georgia R. B. Starling Greenville John R. Taylor New Bern Dr. Rosser Taylor Cullowhee B. S. Womble Winston-Salem Mrs. F. S. Worthy Washington Appendix I 87 REPRESENTATIVES OF COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES (Listed alphabetically by college or university) Dr. Albert W. Spruill Agr. & Tech. Coll. of N. C. Dr. D. J. Whitener Appalachian St. Teachers Coll. Dr. Daniel McFarland Atlantic Christian College Dr. C. Gregg Singer Catawba College Dr. Malcolm Lester Davidson College Prof. John Alden Duke University Dr. Paul Murray East Carolina College Dr. Charles Lyons, Jr. Eliz. City St. Teachers Coll. Prof. Charles Lynam Elon College Dr. Marvin L. Skaggs Greensboro College Dr. Alan D. Aberbach Guilford College Dr. Harold E. Conrad High Point College Prof. William P. Brandon Lenoir Rhyne College Mrs. Eloise Simpson Livingstone College Dr. Sarah M. Lemmon Meredith College Dr. L. Stacy Weaver Methodist College Dr. J. H. Taylor N. C. College of Durham Dr. Stuart Noblin N. C. State Dr. Willard Gatewood N. C. Wesleyan College Dean Cameron West Pfeiffer College Jack W. Rollow Queens College Thomas H. Johnson St. Andrews Presbyterian Coll. Dr. E. C. Schwertman St. Augustine's College Prof. A. Hewson Michie Salem College Dr. Moses N. DeLaney Shaw University Pope A. Ducan S. E. Baptist Theol. Seminary Charles Shaffer University of N. C, Chapel Hill Dr. W. B. Yearns Wake Forest College Dr. D. C. Sossomon Western Carolina College Mrs. Louis S. Hamilton Winston-Salem Teachers Coll. Dr. Blackwell Robinson Woman's College of UNC The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission REPRESENTATIVES OF JUNIOR COLLEGES Col. William H. Quarterman Asheville-Biltmore College G. A. Tripp Campbell College V. L. McBride Chowan College Dr. Garland Allen Gardner-Webb College Ira Gambill Lees-McRae College William Carrington Gretter, Jr. Louisburg College Mrs. Katherine Nooe Knox Mitchell College Miss Elizabeth Hoyt Montreat-Anderson College Donald E. Becker Councill Mt. Olive Jr. College Miss Elizabeth Caldwell Peace College Sister M. Christine Sacred Heart Jr. College Miss Elizabeth Tucker St. Mary's Jr. College David W. Hempleman Warren Wilson College Ducan P. Randall Wilmington College Mrs. S. R' Gaddy Wingate College SCHOOL SUPERINTENDENTS (listed alphabetically by counties) S. W. Payne Alexander County Schools J. E. Rufty Alleghany County Cchools James W. Jenkins (Anson) Morven City Schools W. L. Wildermuth (Anson) Wadesboro City Schools Frank James Ashe County Schools W. Kenneth Anderson Avery County Schools W. F. Veasey Beaufort County Schools Edwin A. West (Beaufort) Washington City Schools John L. Dupree Bertie County Schools D. M. Calhoun Bladen County Schools John Greely Long Brunswick County Schools T. C. Roberson Buncombe County Schools R. L. Patton Burke County Schools W. A. Young (Burke) Glen Alpine City Schools Maston S. Parham (Burke) Morganton City Schools C. A. Furr Cabarrus County Schools Woodrow W. Hartsell (Cabarrus) Concord City Schools C. M. Abernethy Caldwell County Schools J. G. Hagaman (Caldwell) Lenoir City Schools D. B. Burgess Camden County Schools H. L. Joslin Carteret County Schools Thomas H. Whitley Caswell County Schools Wilmer M. Jenkins (Catawba) Hickory City Schools Jason B. Deyton Chatham County Schools Lloyd W. Hendrix Cherokee County Schools Charles O. Frazier (Cherokee) Andrews City Schools Holland McSwain (Cherokee) Murphy City Schools W. J. Taylor Chowan County Schools Appendix I 89 School Superintendents (contd.) Hiram J. Mayo Edenton City Schools Hugh Scott Beal Clay County Schools B. N. Barnes (Cleveland) Kings Mountain City Schools Malcolm E. Brown (Cleveland) Shelby City Schools G. H. Arnold (Columbus) Whiteville City Schools R. L. Pugh Craven County Schools H. J. MacDonald (Craven) New Bern City Schools F. D. Byrd, Jr. Cumberland County Schools B. M. Holcombe (Cumberland) Fort Bragg Schools S. C. Chandler Currituck County Schools Mrs. Mary L. Evans Dare County Schools E. L. Brown Davidson County Schools L. E. Andrews (Davidson) Lexington City Schools W. S. Horton (Davidson) Thomasville City Schools William T. Bird Davie County Schools C. H. Chewning Durham County Schools Lew W. Hannen (Durham) Durham City Schools Morris S. Clary Edgecombe County Schools C. B. Martin (Edgecombe) Tarboro City Schools Thomas Ray Gibbs Forsyth County Schools Marvin M. Ward (Forsyth) Winston-Salem City Schools Wiley F. Mitchell Franklin County Schools Jesse L. McDaniel (Franklin) Franklinton City Schools W. P. Sugg Gaston County Schools William H. Brown (Gaston) Cherryville City Schools W. C. Harrell Gates County Schools James A. Stanley Graham County Schools C. W. Duggins (Granville) Oxford City Schools Phillip J. Weaver (Guilford) Greensboro City Schools Dean B. Pruette (Guilford) High Point City Schools W. Henry Overman Halifax County Schools J. W. Talley (Halifax) Roanoke Rapids City Schools W. Paul Hammack (Halifax) Weldon City Schools G. T. Proffit Harnett County Schools L. B. Leatherwood Haywood County Schools Culver Pv. Dale (Haywood) Canton City Schools j. M. Foster Henderson County Schools Hugh D. Randall (Henderson) Hendersonville City Schools Russell P. Martin Hertford Countv Schools W. T. Gibson, Jr. Hoke County Schools Ben D. Quinn Hyde County Schools Frank L. Austin Iredell County Schools Roland R. Morgan (Iredell) Mooresville City Schools E. S. Simpson Johnston County Schools W. B. Moore Jones County Schools J. J. Lentz Lee County Schools M. A. McLeod (Lee) Sanford Citv Schools H. H. Bullock Lenoir County Schools J. P. Booth (Lenoir) Kinston City Schools Norris S. Childers Lincoln Countv Schools 90 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission School Superintendents (contd.) S. Ray Lowder (Lincoln) Lincolnton City Schools Hieronymous Bueck Macon County Schools J. C. Manning Martin County Schools James Johnson (McDowell) Marion City Schools A. Craig Phillips (Mecklenburg) County & Charlotte Walter L. Thomas Mitchell County Schools S. H. Helton Montgomery County Schools R. E. Lee Moore County Schools Lew's S. Cannon (Moore) Pinehurst City Schools Luther A. Adams (Moore) Southern Pines City Schools S. H. Fries Nash County Schools D. S. Johnson (Nash) Rocky Mount City Schools Wilham H. Wagoner New Hanover County Schools R. F. Lowry Northampton County Schools I. B. Hudson Onslow County Schools G. P. Carr Orange County Schools Joseph M. Johnston (Orange) Chapel Hill City Schools T. J. Collier Pamlico County Schools J. H. Moore Pasquotank County Schools B. E. Fountain (Pasquotank) Elizabeth City, City Schools B. L. Davis Pender County Schools John T. Biggers Perquimans County Schools R. B. Griffin Person County Schools D. H. Conley Pitt County Schools J. H. Rose (Pitt) Greenville City Schools David A. Cromer Polk County Schools W. S. Hamilton (Polk) Tryon City Schools W. J. Boger, Jr. Randolph County Schools Guy B. Teachey (Randolph) City Schools Asheboro City Schools F. D. McLeod Richmond County Schools Maylon McDonald (Richmond) Hamlet City Schools J. E. Huneycutt (Richmond) Rockingham City Schools B. E. Littlefield Robeson County Schools Joseph H. Wilson (Robeson) Fairmont City Schools L. Gilbert Carroll (Robeson) Lumberton City Schools D. M. Singley (Robeson) Maxton City Schools Walter R. Dudley (Robeson) Red Springs City Schools Marion W. Bird (Robeson) Saint Pauls City Schools J. M. Hough (Rockingham) Leaksville City Schools V. Mayo Bundy (Rockingham) Madison-Mayodan City Schools C. C. Erwin Rowan County Schools J. H. Knox (Rowan) Salisbury City Schools Forrest Hunt Rutherford County Schools J. T. Denning Sampson County Schools E. C. Sipe (Sampson) Clinton City Schools J. J. Pence Scotland County Schools A. B. Gibson (Scotland) Laurinburg City Schools R. M. Green Stokes County Schools Appendix I 91 School Superintendents (contd.) J. Sam Gentry Surry County Schools N. H. Carpenter (Surry) Elkin City Schools B. H. Tharrington (Surry) Mt. Airy City Schools T. L. Woodard Swain County Schools C. W. Bradburn Transylvania County Schools Dan S. Davis Union County Schools Oscar W. Broome (Union) Monroe City Schools J. C. Stabler Vance County Schools Fred A. Smith Wake County Schools Jesse O. Sanderson (Wake) Raleigh City Schools J. Roger Peeler Warren County Schools S. D. O'Neal Washington County Schools W. G. Angell Watauga County Schools R. S. Proctor Wayne County Schools Samuel J. Cole (Wayne) Fremont City Schools N. H. Shope (Wayne) Goldsboro City Schools C. B. Eller Wilkes County Schools J. Floyd Woodward (Wilkes) N. Wilkesboro City Schools H. D. Browning, Jr. Wilson County Schools J. T. Odom, Jr. (Wilson) Elm City, City Schools George S. Willard (Wilson) Wilson City Schools Fred C. Hobson Yadkin County Schools 92 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC INFORMATION ACTIVITIES Henry Belk Goldsboro Chairman C. Alden Baker Elizabeth City H. C. Bradshaw Durham Mrs. James M. Harper, Jr. South port Claud O'Shields Wilmington Charles Parker Raleigh Dr. Clarence Poe Raleigh E. L. Rankin, Jr. Raleigh J. P. Strother Kinston COMMITTEE ON RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES Rt. Rev. Thomas H. Wright Wilmington Chairman Rev. Harold J. Dudley Raleigh Co-chairman Rt. Rev. Richard H. Baker Raleigh Dr. Bernard Boyd Chapel Hill Dr. Douglas M. Branch Raleigh Dr. Joseph H. Carter Statesville Rev. John W. Cobb Raleigh Dr. F. L. Conrad Salisbury Dr. Albert G. Edwards Raleigh Rev. Clyde Fields Elon College Dr. Kenneth Goodson Winston-Salem Rev. Nolan R. Harmon Charlotte Rev. Carl F. Herman Greensboro Rev. Morton Kurtz Durham Dr. Neill R. McGeachy Statesville Rt. Rev. James E. McSweeney Raleigh Dr. Clyde A. Milner Guilford College Rev. C. E. Norman Cary Adm. A. M. Patterson, USN (Ret.) Raleigh Dr. Fred Rypins Greensboro Dr. L. Stacy Weaver Fayetteville Appendix I 93 COMMITTEE ON SCHOLARLY ACTIVITIES David Stick Kitty Hawk Chairman William S. Powell Chapel Hill Co-chairman Dr. John Alden Durham Mrs. Memory F. Mitchell Raleigh John Fries Blair Winston-Salem Ashbel G. Brice Durham D. L. Corbitt Raleigh Dr. Chalmers G. Davidson Davidson Dr. Cecil Johnson Chapel Hill Benjamin Koonce Raleigh Dr. Hugh T. Lefler Chapel Hill Elizabeth Vann Moore Edenton Dr. Paul Murray Greenville Sam Ragan Raleigh Dr. Blackwell P. Robinson Greensboro Dr. David L. Smiley Winston-Salem Miss Mary Thornton Chapel Hill Dr. R. H. Woody Durham COMMITTEE ON TOURIST ACTIVITIES Dan M. Paul Raleigh Chairman 94 The Carolina Charter Tercentenary Commission APPENDIX II NORTH CAROLINA TERCENTENARY CELEBRATION COMMISSION Authorized by Public Law 87-437, 2nd Session 87th Congress Appointed by the President of the United States Hon. Frank Porter Graham United Nations, N. Y. (Chairman) Mrs. L. Y. Ballentine Mrs. John A. Kellenberger Raleigh, N. C. Greensboro, N. C. Hon. Luther H. Hodges Dwight Phillips Washington, D. C. Charlotte, N. C. Bruce Jolly William S. Powell Washington, D. C. Chapel Hill, N. C. Appointed by the Vice President Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. Senator Olin D. Johnston North Carolina South Carolina Senator B. Everett Jordan Senator Thomas H. Kuechel North Carolina California Appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representatives Rep. Charles R. Jonas Rep. Albert Rains North Carolina Alabama Rep. Horace R. Kornegay Rep. Basil L. Whitener North Carolina North Carolina Appendix III 95 APPENDIX III RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES OF CAROLINA CHARTER CORPORATION FUNDS September 14, 1960-December 31, 1963 RECEIPTS Contributions obtained by State Commisison $25,225.00 Contributions obtained by Federal Commission 4,928.27 Sales of publications and souvenir items 6,275.54 Royalty payments from TV stations 300.00 Proceeds of loan, Winslow et al 7,500.00 Sale of tickets to Sojourner 614.75 Total Receipts $44,843.56 U) EXPENDITURES N. C. Dept. of Revenue— Sales tax payments $ 229.54 Hunter Johnson-fee for North State 2,480.00 Expenses of reception, Art Exhibit 509.34 Carlisle Floyd— fee for Sojourner 5,000.00 Boosey & Hawkes, Inc.— publication of Sojourner 2,500.00 Grants to Junior Tarheel Historian Association for operation of Mobile Museum 5,000.00 Expenses incident to production of Sojourner 13,688.38 Wachovia Bank— interest on loan, Winslow et al 31.25 Wachovia Bank— payment on principal of loan 2,000.00 Miscellaneous 212.91 Total Expenditures $31,651.42 Balance on Hand December 31, 1963 $13,192.14 U) Does not include acquisition cost of Mobile Museum donated by R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. and Chevrolet Motors Division, GMC, having estimated value of $42,500.00.